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Causes Of Ww1 Essay

2362 words - 10 pages


The First World War, also known as The Great War, The War to End All Wars, and World War I (abbreviated WWI) was a global military conflict that took place between 1914 and 1918. It was a total war, which left ten million dead and shaped the modern world.

Europe in 1914 was a dangerous place. The five Great Powers were divided into two strong and powerful alliances. They were about to fight each other in the most awful war the world has ever known. To understand how this happened, we must go back to 1879.

In 1879 Germany quarrelled with Russia. Germany was worried that Russia would attack, and so agreed with Austria that the tow countries would help each other if either ...view middle of the document...

In-fact, more people died after the war than during the war.

The war caused the disintegration of four empires: the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian. Germany lost its overseas empire, and new states such as Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Yugoslavia were created.

The causes of World War 1

The causes of WW1 can be divided into two sets. Long term causes and Short term causes.

Short term causes:

The flashpoint or the trigger of WW1, was the Murder in Sarajevo. 28 June 1914 was a warm and sunny day. It was the national Day of the Serbian people; it was also the wedding anniversary of Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Duchess Sophie were paying an official visit to the town of Sarajevo, in the province of Bosnia. Lurking amongst the crowds who came to cheer were students intent on murder. Suddenly one of them threw a bomb at the royal car. The bomb exploded in the road, injuring several people. Franz Ferdinand was furious. When he reached the town hall he shouted angrily at the mayor and decided to cancel the visit immediately. He wanted to visit the injured, and then go home. On the drive back to the station the chauffer took the wrong turning and stopped the car to reverse. One of the rebel students, Gavrilo Princip, was walking past. He aimed his pistol and fired at the royal couple. By 11.30pm, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were dead. Six weeks Europe erupted into war.

This was a short-term cause because it happened and that was it. it hadn’t been something that had been going one for ages. It was not expected, and was unknown unlike most of the long-term causes.

There were some mistakes in this visit, why did the royal couple had an open top car? It was so easy for the murderer just to jump in and stab the royal couple or shoot them as it happened. They should have had a person to tell them the way around the ton. Taking the wrong turn is just a big mistake.

Long term causes:

There were many long term causes.

The Balkans:

Turkey had once ruled the Balkans. Turkey became very weak in the nineteenth century. Slav people living in the Balkans gradually drove out their hated Trukish rulers. New Slav nations – Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria - were set up.

Austria-Hungary was afraid that Slavs living in Bosnia and other Balkan States within the Austrio-Hungarian Empire would break away and join Serbia. This would mean the collapse of the Empire. To prevent this, Austria-Hungary wanted to control the Balkans.

Russia desperately needed to use ports on the Mediterranean Sea. This would make trade easier. Russia also needed to be able to sail its war ships out of the Black Sea in times of trouble. Russia needed to control the Balkans.

Germany needed oil for their industries. The Kaiser wanted to build a railway between Berlin and Baghdad where there were rich oil fields. This railway would have to pass through the Balkans. Germany...

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