The major challenges that are facing the world today are nothing of the political or economical issue, but itâ€™s something more that we take for granted. Iâ€™m talking about the problems that world agriculture is facing today. Is amazing how this problem is having a huge impact on the world. Following a dramatic rise in world population; increases in demand from fast developing nations; the diversion of significant volumes of farm commodities into bio-fuel; the preservation of land for specific environmental purposes; and changes in the worldâ€™s climate, we once again face the prospect of food shortages. What are the prospects for the future? Will we be able to feed the ...view middle of the document...
Since 1960 world grain production has more than doubled, and world grain trade also doubled. Thus the share of world grain consumption that is traded remained constant at about 10%. This says that on average, 90 percent of the world food production is consumed in the country where it is produced. If this trend continues, then it is clear that most of the increase in the food production must come from production systems in the countries where the additional people will live. So the food production challenge ahead is not small or easy. It requires increasing the productivity of complex, low yielding farming systems in ways that do not damage natural resources or the environment.
Challenge II: Poverty and Malnutrition Reduction
Despite the rapid urbanization projected to occur in the coming decades, it will be 2015 before as many people live in urban areas as in rural areas. As of today, some 70 percent of the poor are still rural dwellers, the majority of whom draw some or all of their income from agricultural activities. Literally billions of small and generally poor farmers live in poverty or near the poverty line. An estimated 12 million people die each year; mostly in the less develop nations, because of malnutrition and diseases. A large segment of the worldâ€™s people (most of who live in Asia, Africa, and Latin America) either do not get enough to eat or fail to get rid of all nutrients and vitamins they need. This is cause by lack of food. The challenge today is to find sustainable ways to feed current and future world residents.
Challenge III: Sustainable Natural Resource Management
The third challenge to agriculture in this new century is to create a set of technologies, incentives and policies that encourage small scale farmers to want to pay attention to the long-run stewardship of the natural resources they manage. This is critical because farmers use most of the worldâ€™s arable land and are involved in managing much of the worldâ€™s forest and range land. Agriculture uses more than 70 percent of the worldâ€™s fresh water, and much biodiversity
is contained in agricultural systems. Agricultural activities influence the boundaries of forests
and deserts. Therefore, the question of improving the management of our natural resources is closely tied to improving the productivity and profitability of small-scale farmers in the developing world.
Challenge IV: Global Economic development
Agricultural development makes a critical contribution to overall economic growth in many developing countries. As farmerâ€™s incomes rise, so does their demand both for farm inputs and services, and for non-farm goods. Increased agricultural production also leads to increased demand for processing facilities. In the ever so growing economy government tries to improve the quality of life in the community by retaining jobs and supporting or growing incomes and the tax base. As a result, income for most household increases and consumers are more...