This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Chapter 1, Fulfillemnt Essay

2213 words - 9 pages

Question 1:
1a) Explain the difference between effective leaders and effective managers. Can someone be effective at both managing and leading? Illustrate your answer with reference to:
i. Current thinking in leadership and management
ii. Leaders / managers you have experienced

1b) What are your own strengths and weaknesses as a manager and a leader and how do you balance the demands of both these roles? What impact do your own personal preferences have on your abilities as a manager and a leader?

How to solve this question??
• Why would you answer this?
• What are you answering?
• How do you answer it?
• What have you answered?

Work out definitions:
1. What does ...view middle of the document...

Although most leadership theorists believe there are distinct differences, the two terms are so often used interchangeably in the workplace that the differences become blurred (Kotter, 1990, 1999; Terry, 1993; Zaleznik, 1998).

Zaleznik (1998) asserts, as does Kotter (1990), that although leadership and management may be similar in a few ways, they have many very distinct differences. Both leaders and managers may have involvement in establishing direction, aligning resources, and motivating people. Managers, however, plan and budget while leaders establish direction. Managers have a narrow purpose and try to maintain order, stabilize work, and organize resources. Leaders seek to develop new goals and align organizations (Kotter, 1990; Zaleznik, 1998). Managers control and problem solve while leaders motivate and inspire. Finally, managers produce standards, consistency, predictability, and order. Leaders produce the potential for dramatic change, chaos, and even failure (Kotter, 1990).

For Gardner, the differences between a workplace leader and a workplace manager are not as distinct as they are for Kotter and Zaleznik (Bass, 1990; Kotter, 1990; Zaleznik, 1998). Gardner contrasts between what he calls the leader-manager and the routine manager. The leader-manager is concerned with thinking longer term, developing an organizational vision, reaching longer-term goals and values, and motivating others. The routine manager is more strongly associated with the organizational structure; he/she thinks and acts in the shorter term, accepting and maintaining the status quo (Bass, 1990; Gardner, 1990)

It is unusual for one person to have the skills to serve as both an inspiring leader and a professional manager. In large, complex organizations, these two distinct roles are even more difficult to assimilate in one person, and the tendency is to set leadership skills aside in favor of managing the workplace.


Why would you answer the question?
Why is it important to differentiate between effective leaders and managers? “Fundamentally, if you can't define leadership or management, you can't measure, test, make assessments, or consistently hire or promote for them.” (J. Kotterman, 2006). Without measuring the definitions, you cannot state any difference between them.

Understanding the question
To be able to provide a comprehensive answer on questions number 1a and 1b it’s first and foremost important to understand the definition in this context of “effective”, before any differences between managers and leaders can be determined. The broad definition of effective is “adequate to accomplish a purpose; producing the intended or expected result” ( If we refer this to managers and leaders, it means that the person is adequate in accomplishing his/her (in)formal role and be able to produce an intended or expected outcome. A clear definable measurement of effectiveness in a comprehensive way for managers and...

Other Essays Like Chapter 1, Fulfillemnt

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages events and their possible impact upon the two great European powers of focus. The author begins by explaining both potential and actual events that initially caused the outbreak of the French and Indian War. He sums up the state of the world in an effective if not all too blunt statement saying “England and France had been at war since—well, it seemed like forever” (pg.1). This quote by itself sets the tone for what is to follow. The author

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages United States alone, there are over one hundred million animals that are tested on each year in research laboratories. Ninety-five percent of the animals are birds, rodents and fish while around 1 million of those animals are dogs, cats, non-human primates, rabbits, and farm animals (“Animals Used”). Though there is an assortment of diverse species that are used in research, rodents are used most often. In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages academic abilities (Anderson, 2007). According to Gregory and Chapman (2007), through differentiation educators are able to “give all students an opportunity to learn to their full potential.” The authors furthermore state instructors who support this philosophy have several key beliefs about the learners they teach. These include: (1) every student has his own areas strength and weakness, (2) each student has the abilities and capacities to

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages finds parents a big factor in teens drinking, drug abuse.” Connecticut Post (2009): Web. 27 Nov. 2011. Marcovitz, Hal. “Chapter 6: Substance Abuse and Suicide.” Teens & Suicide (2004): 23-26. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. Witherbee, Amy. “Counterpoint: The Problem with Kids and Condoms.” Points of View: Condom Distribution (2011): p.6. Web. 27 Nov. 2011.

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages law and the divine law God created them from a law much superior than the rest, one which only God himself has the knowledge of, the eternal law. Humans actively participate in the eternal law of God by using reason in conformity with the Natural Law to discern what is good and evil(Magee 1). Of these laws the natural law is the most vital, the natural law uses nature as a guide to morality and humanity, to decipher the right from the wrong

Resolved: Presidential Signing Statements Threaten To Undermine The Rule Of Law And The Separation Of Powers

1811 words - 8 pages . A., & Strauss, P. L. (2007). The presidential signing statements controversy. William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, 16(1), 11-25. Retrieved from Cooper, P. J. (2005). George w. bush, edgar allan poe, and the use and abuse of presidential signing statements.Presidential Studies Quarterly, 35(3), 515-532. Devins, N. (2007). Signing statements and divided government. William & Mary Bill of

Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system. Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages “How all occasions do inform against me” is a line from act IIII, scene IIII of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. This line, spoken by Hamlet, expresses his emotional state as he is currently overwhelmed by the death of his father, the king of Denmark, and the situation surrounding it. After Hamlet learns of his father’s death he finds out that his mother has married Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle. On top of all of that, Hamlet soon after

Rated “M” For “More Censorship Not Needed”

1241 words - 5 pages Since the moment video games became a commercial success there have been people who have pushed for unfair amounts of censorship to be placed upon the content of the games and its availability to children. These groups push for increased regulations on content but there is already an appointed group to handle this issue, the ESRB. Even though there has been an increase in mature content in the video game industry, increased censorship is not

Four Components Of A Legally Astute Social Media Marketing Manager

1914 words - 8 pages With the advances in technology constantly changing companies have to find better ways to market their products to consumers. The explosion of Facebook has given companies a way to market products to consumers. Examine how a legally astute manager can use social media to his advantage. Review different forms of dispute resolution and determine which one works the best. What is the best course of action, the government can use to

Obama's Values

1217 words - 5 pages As individuals, we don’t tend to take action unless it’s for self-interest; however, in Dreams from My Father, Obama spends three years, after college, as a community organizer in Chicago. Obama goes through tribulations, disappointments, and even complete failures organizing meaningful events, decisive meetings, and humble gatherings but he keeps working toward achieving any possible change in the community. Even though results give him every

Related Papers

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of Oled's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society Essay

1637 words - 7 pages Cash. “The Cashless Society.” October 18, 2009. . Avusanjin1. (2009, June 27). OPPAPERS.COM. “Cashless Society.”, pp. 1-4. October 19, 2009. . Business Defintion for: Cashless Society. (2009, October 6). Retrieved October 17, 2009, from BNET Business Dictionary: . CreditorWeb. (2009, October 11). Going Cashless. Retrieved October 21, 2009, from CreditorWeb: Credit Cards made easy: .