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Che Guevara Essay

2035 words - 9 pages

ERNESTO GUEVARA 1928-1967 Biografia de un revolucionario Socialista.This document presents a chronological biography of Che Guevara, focussing on the features that pushed him to take part and action in the political problematic of Latin America, and which caused him to be universally known as revolutionary guerrilla leader.Guevara's life has been influenced mainly by the poor conditions of the Latin-American inhabitants. His politics and strategy evolved within a Marxist-Leninist framework. But unlike Fidel Castro, Guevara did not choose politics as his profession. He originally hoped to excel in some branch of medical research. But travelling throughout Latin-America he was shocked by the ...view middle of the document...

In 1951, after taking his penultimate exam he made a much longer journey accompanied by a friend, and earning his living by casual labour as he went. He visited Southern Argentina; Chile, where he met Salvador Allende; Peru, where he worked for some weeks in the San Pablo leprosarium ;Colombia at the time of La Violencia, and where he was arrested but soon released; Venezuela, and finally Miami.He went back home for his finals' examinations, sure of only one thing, that he did not want to become a middle-class general doctor. After he qualified (specializing in dermatology), he left for Bolivia, going to LaPaz during the National Revolution. From there he went to Guatemala, during the socialist presidency of Jacobo Arbenz. Although he had already a Marxist political ideology, he refused to join the Communist Party, losing the chance of government medical appointment. He started writing archeological articles about Incas and Maya. Later he met Hilda Gadea (which became his wife 2 years later in Mexico), a Marxist of Indian stock who belonged to the left wing of the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana(APRISTA), and who introduced Guevara to Nico Lopez, one of Fidel Castro lieutenants. It was in Hilda's library and that of the Alliance of Democratic Youth (the mass organization linked to the Guatemalan Labour Party, which he had joined), that he made his first acquaintance with the writings of Marx and Lenin. Obviously this discovery of Marxism was no a mere intellectual and bookish affair for him, but rather the result of a concrete experience of poverty and oppression of the Latin American mass, which he came to know during his travels in the rural areas of the continents. On the other hand it is probable that te definitive Marxist-Leninist ideology radicalized in his thought by the event which left a deep mark on a whole generation of Latin Americans: The invasion of Guatemala by the mercenaries of Castillo Armas in 1954.He was an eyewitness of the military invasion financed by the United Fruits Company and the C.I.A., intent on stopping the agrarian reform launched by the radical government of Arbenz. When Arbenz felt Guevara was forced to leave Guatemala under the threat of death. Guevara believed that if the people had been armed, the socialist government in Guatemala might have survived. In September 1954 he went to Mexico City where at the beginning he worked as street photographer and bookseller, until he achieved a job in the allergy department of the General Hospital. In mid-1955 he met Castro(at the time political refugee). The two men were in their mid-20s, and each was a professional(a doctor and a lawyer), committed to a radical change, in short time they formed a permanent bond. Guevara immediately enlisted in the guerrilla expedition, which Castro was organizing to overthrow the Cuban dictator Fulguencio Batista. He joined the Castro's followers at the farm where the Cuban revolutionaries were receiving a guerrilla training by...

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