Che Guevara And A New Paradigm Of Marxism This Paper Is Regarding Che Guevara's Separate Brand Of Marxism, Ie: How He Adpated Marxism To Work In The Cuban Jungles

3028 words - 13 pages

Che Guevara and a New Paradigm of MarxismThroughout history, political ideologies have continuously evolved. From the moment they are born into the world they are fluid in nature, constantly changing and defining just what it means to be part of them. Sometimes, they are products of changing world around them, and sometimes they are products of innovators, people striving to push ideologies in a certain direction. In the second half of the 20th century, socialism was pushed into new territory by just such a person. Seeking social change, Che Guevara sought to use a new Marxist-derivative as a tool in the liberation and unification of Latin America. Guevara's search for a new paradigm of ...view middle of the document...

To Karl Marx, human beings are rational beings being acted on by observable social forces that result in predictable outcomes. Marx attempts to bind the human element with scientific theory, and outlines explicit steps of the socio-evolution of humanity in his Communist Manifesto. To Marx, this is not something that is arguable or possible in its conviction-but rather absolute in nature. Rather than a political theorist, Marx sees himself as a scientist in nature; simply observing predictable reactions.₁ It is partly in this nature of character that one must contrast classical Marxism to Guevara's Marxism. Marx's role of scientist in his political theories tends to objectify his role in their creation. Thus, Marx is not advocating social change, he is predicting it. While there is arguably a supple amount of humanism woven into his various works, his thoughts never manifest themselves as actions, nor would they have any reason to. For Marx does not tie himself to a political allegiance, but rather makes a few basic assumptions of human nature. He assumes that how people function is not uniform nor is it individual, but a product of social forces. However, these social forces are uniform and predictable through a series of stages. Marx sees the evolution of society a linear path, culminating in the rise of capitalism and finally climaxing the awakening and revolutionizing of the industrialized proletariat. He sees no reason to directly involve himself in revolution, because he views it as organic and inevitable.₂ Contrast this to Guevara, who, a century later would borrow on many of Marx's ideas for his for his own political philosophies. However unlike Marx, Guevara's ideas would far succeed mere philosophy. Whereas Marx played the role of objective scientist, Guevara becomes involved through heart and soul. His convictions are so strong he is quite prepared to give his life for his revolutions- and ends doing just that. Rather than relying on a society-wide awakening of an industrial workforce, Guevara believed in a revolution that would begin as a few resisting countrymen and slowly ignite into a fully fledged revolution. "The guerillas cannot forget their function as vanguard of the people-their mandate-and as such they must create the necessary political conditions for the establishment of a revolutionary power based on the masses' support."₃ The Cuban revolution was without a doubt the result of the gradual action undertaken by radicals rather than a massive, spontaneous uprising. American politicians would argue that the Cuban revolution was the result of communist Russia's penetration of the western hemisphere; however, this is quite clearly political propaganda. The Cuban revolutionaries had no ties with the gradualist communist parties, often denouncing their support of the "Populist Front" strategy they employed, in which they sought political power through existing democratic means.₄ It is clear that Che Guevara...

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