Checks And Balances Essay

627 words - 3 pages

According John Dahlberg-Action, “power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”. The above statements capture the natural essence of human nature when given sole authority. When checks and balances are not established, we may see power used to overtake, exclude, for personal gain and much more. History shows that the more power a person or group is given, the more it is abused. Examples include Hitler’s domination in Germany that lead to the Holocaust, Kim Jon II who runs the world’s most tightly controlled society in modern times to include forced labor, prison camps, trafficking of women and re-education camps. In order to combat such atrocities and disregard of human rights, the founding fathers of the United States created a systematic approach to divide power amongst each governing body that has influence of the people that they serve, in order to create structure and control. The method ...view middle of the document...

Once a bill is approved, it is given to the president who is a part of the executive branch. The president can either approve or veto the bill. If the bill is signed it then becomes a law. However, the legislative branch can override president’s veto with two-thirds vote of the vote.
The president is elected by the entire country and serves a four year term and is the head of the executive branch. The executive branch also includes the Vice President and other officials, such as members of the cabinet whom are appointed by the president. The cabinet is made up of the heads of the 15 major departments of the government. The cabinet gives advice to the President about important affairs and the world. A crucial function of the executive branch is to ensure that all laws are carried out and enforced to facilitate responsibilities of the federal government such as collecting taxes, homeland security and representing the United States political and economic interests around the world.
The judicial branch consists of all courts in the United States including the Supreme Court. There are nine justices on the Supreme Court and are appointed for life or until they resign. These courts interpret the nation laws and punish persons that break them. The highest court is the Supreme Court, which settles state disputes, hears court appeals, and determines if federal laws are constitutional. Even though the judicial branch has the power to determine if the other branches acts are invalid or unconstitutional, the other branches have powers that affect the judicial branch including nominating or confirming the final justice members.
In conclusion, the method of control and division of power is known as checks and balances which, plays a vital role within Legislative, Judicial and Executive branches of government. With checks and balances, each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the others. This way, no one branch becomes too powerful. The process of how laws are made is a major factor when it comes to checks and balances. Even though there are only a number of roles stated, there are many other duties these branches are responsible for.

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