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Chemistry 10 Notes On Naming Compounds And Types Of Chemical Reactions

598 words - 3 pages

Naming CompoundsIonicMetal always on the leftMost left on the periodic table goes on the left (positive charge on left)Writing Chemical FormulaWriting Compound NameJust write the name of the elementsLast element takes 'ide'Roman Numeral is written after the metal if the combining capacity is differentCopper (II) NitrateMgS = Magnesium SulphideCovalentWriting Compound NameWrite prefixes for both elements'mono' is dropped for the 1st element1 Mono 6 Hexa2 Di 7 Hepta3 Tri 8 Octa4 Tetra 9 Nona5 Penta 10 DecaNO2 = Nitrogen DioxideCO = Carbon MonoxideN2O4 = Dinitrogen TetroxideSi2I6 = ...view middle of the document...

xahydrateName compound, and then add the number of watersCommon AcidsHCl = hydrochloric acidHBr = hydrobromic acidHF = hydrofluoric acidHI = hydroiodic acidHNO3 = Nitric acidH2SO4 = Sulphuric acidH2SO3 = Sulphurous AcidHNO2 = Nitrous acidHydrogen atoms = acidPolyatomic IonsTwo or MoreTypes of ReactionsSynthesis2 very simple things (usually elements) join 2gether to form 1 thingA + B -> ABAdding water to anhydrous compoundsExamples2Cu(s) + O2(g) -> 2CuO(s)2Sb + 3Br2 -> 2SbBr3Decomposition1 thing breaks apart to form 2 simple things (usually elements)AB -> A + BRemoving water from hydrated compoundsExamples2Ag2O -> 4Ag + O2ReplacementSingleOne thing is swapped with another thingA + BX -> B + AXFe + CuSO4 -> Cu + FeSO4Cl2 + 2KI -> I2 + 2KClDoubleTwo things are swappedAB + XY -> AY + XBCaCl2 + Na2CO3 -> 2NaCl + CaCO3Barium nitrate + sodium sulphate - > Barium sulphate + Sodium nitrateBa(NO3)2 + Na2SO4 -> BaSO4 + 2NaNO3NeutralizationAcid + Base -> Salt + WaterHA + BOH -> AB + H2OHCl + NaOH -> H2O + NaClH2SO4 + 2KOH -> 2H2O + K2SO4CombustionAnything that burns to produce carbon(hydro)carbon + oxygen -> carbon dioxide (+ water)C + O2 -> CO2CH4 + O2 -> CO2 + 2H2O2H2 + O2 -> 2H2O2C5H12 + 8O2 -> 5CO2 + 6 H2OHydrocarbon + oxygenAerobic RespirationC6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2OHydrocarbon + sulphurC5H12S + 9O2 -> 5CO2 + 6H2O + SO2

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