Chicano Movement Essay

588 words - 3 pages

I. Lucy Parsons was born around 1853 in Texas. She had an African American, Native American, and Mexican ancestry. In the early life, she married to Albert Parsons who is white radical republican. However, their marriage was probably not legal in Texas because of the miscegenation laws. Therefore, Lucy and her husband moved to Chicago and started their political activities. Lucy’s husband was fired from job because she and her husband involved in the railroad strike. When Albert got fired, Lucy opened up a dress shop to support her husband and two children. As a young adult, Lucy and her husband involved in International Working Peoples’ Association by going on strike peacefully to stop long hour of working, cutting wages and bad working condition for the people of color. Her husband was accused of bombing and killing the four ...view middle of the document...

In the early life, she grew up in a small mining town of Arizona. Olivarez’s life was hard because she dropped out of high school after her junior year and moved the Phoenix. As a young adult, she started attending the Business College and worked in radio industry. Even though Olivarez became successful with her education, she had hard time with her marriage life. She got divorced with her husband in 1961. She had a son in 1959 which was right before her divorced. Despite of her failing marriage life, she continued to work in Choate Foundation in Phoenix. The focus of this foundation was to help Mexican-American children who are in poverty and educational needed. For the later life, she worked in the National Advisory Council on Economic Opportunity where she fought for the civil rights of economic justice for the Mexicans and other races that are poor. Later, the president Nixon invited her to attend law school and graduated by 1970. Also the president appointed her as board of directors and chairman of Mexican American Legal Defense Fund. She died from cancer in 1987.
Maria Latigo Hernandez is a Mexican-American rights activist. She was born in 1896 in Monterrey. In the early life, she taught elementary school in Monterrey before she moved to Texas. In 1915, she married to Pedro Hernandez in Hebbronville, Texas. They had total of ten children. The family moved to San Antonio in 1918 and began political activities in 1924. As a young adult, Maria created an organization called Orden Caballeros de that helped Mexican Americans and Mexican immigrants in order to get equal educational opportunities. In 1934, she spoke on the "Voz de las Americas" program to support equality of education for Mexican Americans. In 1938 she fought for Mexican women workers' rights in the Pecan-Shellers Strike demanding better pay and better working conditions. For the later life, Maria and her husband testified at the San Antonio hearing to fight the problem of racial discrimination against Mexican Americans and African Americans.

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