The Famous Chicken Adobo:
A Filipino Tradition
MiraCosta Community College
Adobo is a very popular cooking process indigenous to the Philippines. The most famous dish is the chicken adobo. As the local saying goes, Philippine food was prepared by Malay settlers, spiced by the Chinese, stewed by the Spanish and hamburgerized by the Americans. Adobo is all but the last (Fare of the Country; Adobo: Spicy Stew of the Philippines,1986, para. 3). But the Spanish is the major influence in Filipino cuisines. Adobo is a Spanish word meaning marinade or seasoning. There are many cultures that have their own variation of adobo from the Spanish, Puerto Ricans, Malaysians, and ...view middle of the document...
Puerto Rican style adobo is a rub or paste for the meat. The rub or paste consists of onions, garlic, vinegar, and herbs. A pork shoulder is most commonly used with the adobo recipe. Adobo is called to be the distant cousin to the popular Malaysian dish ginataan - chicken, pork and vegetables cooked in coconut milk and garnished with vinegar and garlic. And Chinese soy sauce is a vital ingredient (Fare of the Country; Adobo: Spicy Stew of the Philippines, 1986, para. 4).
The Chinese frequently traveled to the Philippines, for barter and trade. Surely some Chinese became a part of the Filipino society, plus the cultural contact, and passed on some common cuisines to include the Chinese chow mein and the similar Filipino version, pancit, egg rolls/spring rolls and lumpia, and fried rice is very much the same. Soy sauce was also introduced to the Philippines by the Chinese. Vinegar and salt was used to preserve foods; after the soy sauce introduction, it slowly replaced both. Conflict arose between the Philippines and the Spaniards leading to the Spanish colonizing the Philippines back in 1565 to 1898 and ruled the Filipinos for 333 years. With the Filipinos adopting their ideologies, the Spaniards translated their social, economic, and political culture to the Philippine Islands. Their teachings had a great impact with the language, food, and religion, the Roman Catholic Church. The Spanish influenced the local cooking with their version of adobo marinade and sauce. This is where adobo was introduced and manipulated to the Filipino unique taste.
Americans also enjoy chicken adobo. The U.S. government assisted the Philippine Islands on becoming independent from the Spaniards and in 1935, they became self governing. From the functionalist perspective, Americans influenced the Philippines by helping advance technologies and education. With the interaction of both cultures, there was an exchange of food. This is where the Americans probably became very fond of their cuisine.
Good family time is spent in the kitchen cooking and eating. Due to Western influence, food is often eaten using flatware, but the primary pairing of utensils used at a Filipino dining...