STUDENT NUMBER: 4850 987 6 NAME: MKHIZE P.M.N
MODULE CODE: EDPHOD8 ASSIGNMENT NO: 01 UNIQUE NO: 871344
SECTION 1: BACKGROUND
1.1. INTERPRETATION OF TINA’S STORY
Tina is an 11year old girl who is a student in my class. She has been through a lot in her short life that not all children of her age might have been exposed to. Her mother brought her up as a single parent since her father left them when she was three years old. Without her father Tina did not experience safety and stability in her home especially because her mother blamed her for her father walking out on them. Tina’s mother has married John’s father, she’s trying so hard to make it work with the new family that she is ...view middle of the document...
It includes any damage done to a child which cannot be reasonably explained and which is often represented by an injury or series of injuries appearing to be non-accidental in nature. Abuse is harmful to children, children may experience a range of emotional, psychological and physical problems and trauma as a result of being abused or neglected. All forms of abuse are likely to result in emotional problems for a child, in particular a lack of self-esteem and distrust of adults. Tina does not trust either her step-brother or her mother because of the abuse. She is now lacking self-esteem and keeps herself isolated from other family members to feel safer. The effects of the abuse could lead to Tina attempting to run away from home in order to get away from her step-brother, she’d feel safer hiding in a particular place than being with people. The longer the abuse goes on, the more serious are the effects. Abused children like Tina are more likely than other children to be self- destructive or aggressive, to abuse drugs and/or alcohol, or become young offenders or “street kids”. In some situations abuse may result in permanent physical damage. In a long term, adults who were abused as children are more likely to abuse their children and continue the horrible cycle of abuse and they also find it difficult to form relationships with other adults. It is possible that John was abused as a child which could explain why he is abusing Tina and found it easier to form a relationship with her before he started abusing her.
1.3.2. SEXUAL ABUSE AND EMOTIONAL ABUSE
Sexual abuse can be described as any action that pressures someone (a child) to do something sexually that they don’t want to do. In other definitions child sexual abuse includes the following aspects:
1) The child is sexually exploited by an adult.
2) The child is involved in sexual activities which he/she does not fully understand and for which he/she cannot give legal consent.
Any behaviour that impacts a person’s ability to control their sexual activity or the circumstances in which a sexual activity occurs, including oral sex, rape etc. just because a victim did not say “no” it does not mean he/she meant “yes” to the sexual activity. Some victims are unable to speak out about sexual abuse because of the myth that if he/she didn’t resist then it’s not abuse. John has sexually abused Tina ever since her mother married John’s father, Tina is afraid to tell her mother because she will probably think that she consented to the sexual act because she did not scream “no” when John first sexually abused her. She is in fact scared that her mother will blame and accuse her for trying to tear the family apart as she blamed her when her father left them. The examples of sexual abuse are:
* Unwanted kissing/touching
* Unwanted rough or violent sexual activity
* Rape/attempted rape
* Refusing to use condoms/restricting someone access to birth control
* Keeping someone from...