There is no other crime more emotionally laden than those involving children. Police officers and investigators speak about the intense associated with those cases. Sometimes these people who are involved in crimes against children have to go therapy because of the severity of the case. Unfortunately, incidents of crime against children are increasing dramatically every year. Every year thousands of children become victims of crime, whether it’s through kidnappings, violent attacks, sexual abuse, or online predators.
Child abuse has a lengthy history. Children have been subject to abuse by their parents or other adults since presumably the beginning of time. For many centuries ...view middle of the document...
Within 10 years, every state had statutes known as "mandatory reporting" laws. Mandatory reporting laws require certain professionals, such as doctors and teachers, to report suspected child abuse to the state child protective services agency or other proper authorities. A 1974 federal law, the Child Abuse Prevention & Treatment Act (CAPTA), further bolstered efforts to eliminate child abuse by funding programs to help individuals identify and report child abuse and to provide shelter and other protective services to victims. However, child abuse continues despite these and subsequent child abuse prevention laws.
All states have child abuse laws that are designed to help protect children at each stage in the timeline of abuse. For the first stage, states have implemented mandatory and permissive reporting laws with immunity (and in most states, anonymity) granted to reporters of known or suspected child abuse. Mandatory and permissive reporting laws help to raise awareness of child abuse and bring the authorities in early to intervene. The second stage of child abuse laws are definitional in nature. States differ quite a bit on what constitutes child abuse, especially when it comes to exemptions.
At the third stage comes administrative services, where the courts work with social services to determine a safe and supportive environment for the child if the child is to be taken away from his or her family. Each state has vastly different statutory law and case law, and much of this process is up to the discretion of a judge, so if you have an issue at this stage of the process, it is critical that you seek the help of a qualified attorney.
Below is a sampling of the variety of some states about child abuse laws:
* Arizona Statute defines child abuse as inflicting or allowing physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, emotional/mental injury, or abandonment of a child under the age of 18. Statute contains an exemption for Christian Scientists or unavailability of reasonable resources for a parent's failure to obtain medical help for the child.
* Arkansas Statute defines child abuse as intentionally, knowingly, or negligently without cause inflicting physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, abandonment or emotional/mental injury of a child under the age of 18. Statute contains exemptions for poverty or corporal punishment.
* California Statute defines child abuse as inflicting by non-accidental means physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, or sexual exploitation of a child under the age of 18. Statute contains exemptions for religion, reasonable force, and informed medical decision.
The most common cause of child deaths is physical abuse, often perpetrated by the parents. Many people who abuse of a child are not mentally ill. Abuse of children takes various forms, from minor assaults to flagrant physical torture. Many times these injuries cannot or will not be explained by parents, or the...