Psyx 345 review paper
April 9, 2010
This article examines the prevalence and consequences of body dissatisfaction among adolescent boys and girls and discusses the role of body dissatisfaction in psychological disorders, including depression and eating disorders. Additionally, it explores predictors of the development of body dissatisfaction, including individual, familial, peer, and socio-cultural influences, as well as factors that may serve a protective function. An understanding of the factors that increase the risk for body ...view middle of the document...
The sample was composed of 4% Asian/Pacific Islanders, 3% African Americans, 79% Caucasians, 10% Hispanics, 1% Native Americans, and 3% of mixed racial heritage. The questionnaire focused on six areas that could be identified as possible risk factors for adolescent body dissatisfaction. These categories were identified as the following: perceived pressures to be thin, thin-ideal internalization, adiposity, social support, negative affectivity, and body dissatisfaction (Presnel et al. 392-93).
Perceived pressure to be thin assessed the amount of pressure to be thin that participants perceived from family, friends, dating partners, and the media. The thin-ideal internalization scale asks participants to indicate their level of agreement with ten statements concerning what attractive women look like. Adiposity has to do with body mass index, based on self report data. Social support assessed companionship, guidance, intimacy, affection, admiration and reliable alliance from parents using a five point scale ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. Negative Affectivity is a scale used to measure one’s permeability to negative emotional experiences, including anxiety, anger, irritation, and stress. The Body Dissatisfaction Scale was used to identify 21 body parts that asked participants to rate their level of satisfaction with each part on a five point scale (e.g., waist, thighs, muscle tone) (Presnel et al. 393).
The purpose of these particular methods is to identify risk factors in different categories that are directly related to body dissatisfaction among adolescents.
For body dissatisfaction, scores for girls indicated that they were neither satisfied nor dissatisfied. Boys scored moderately satisfied. This scale showed that the rates of body dissatisfaction among girls actually decreased. According to researchers, this maybe due to chance fluctuations, selective attrition, or a measurement artifact reflecting pretest sensitization. As hypothesized, initial...