The United States is known as the wealthiest country in the world. But, there are many people that can't afford to buy food for their families, many are also homeless. “While hunger affects people of all ages, it's particularly devastating for children even short-term episodes of hunger can cause lasting damage."(“Child Nutrition Programs") Child hunger in the United States is caused by poverty, unemployment, food insecurity, and food shortage; however there are many solutions to this problem like FRAC strategies, food banks, summer feeding programs, and backpack feeding programs.
Poverty is one of the main causes of child hunger. Most people that live in poverty can't afford to buy ...view middle of the document...
Another effect is that health care is expensive. For kids that don't get to eat have bad health. Their parents can't afford to take them to the doctor to get them better. ("Hunger and Food")
Another reason kids live in poverty and go hungry is their parents don't have a high education or have no education. The effect is that parents can only get a minimum wage job with their skills and education level. This is not enough money to support a family with kids. “The Southern Education Foundation found that, for the first time in 40 years, the majority of public school students in 13 southern and four western states are living at poverty levels. ("Rising Child Poverty") The wages are decreasing for the less educated for families with kids this is not good.
Another effect is kids can’t get good education because they are hungry. They can’t pay attention and learn. This means they don't have the required skills to get a job. ("Rising Child Poverty")
Another cause for child hunger is unemployment. Many parents have lost their jobs due to the recession. Just like people that live in poverty, they don't have enough money to pay housing bills and are lacking food. In some cases, the decision has to be made between electricity or eating. This causes parents to fight about money problems and this effect kids because they start to worry. ("Hungry Kids")
Food insecurity is the next cause of child hunger. This means families have to cut back on food, skipping meals. The meals are not nutritious. The cheapest food is the unhealthiest and all they can afford to buy. It causes kids to become obese by eating unhealthy food all the time. Some may live in unsafe neighborhoods and they can’t go outside to exercise. ("Effects of Poverty")
Along with children, it also effects teens and the babies of pregnant women.Teens that experience Food insecurity are more likely to have bad conduct at school getting them in trouble. “Pregnancy women who are undernourished are more likely to have low-birthweight babies. These infants are more likely to suffer delays in their development and are more likely to have behavior and learning problems later in life.”("Children and Hunger") It is very important that women are health while pregnant. There can be serious health issues if the mother doesn't eat enough. The baby could suffer from birth defects. ("Children and Hunger")
The effects of food insecurity are kids have a lot more health issues than someone of the same age as them that doesn't go hungry. Food insecurity effects not only physical and mental health, but also emotional and developmental health that all cause bad health. The physical health problems are “unwanted weight loss, fatigue, headaches, irritability, inability to concentrate and frequent colds, as low-income children whose families do not experience food shortages. Stunting (low height for age) in children also results from inadequate nutrition.” ("Children and Hunger") There are so...