This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Child Observation Essay

1668 words - 7 pages

Autism is primarily a pervasive developmental disorder that was formerly considered as a disorder separately classified from similar disorders such as Asperger Syndrome, Rett Syndrome and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. Currently, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) reclassifies autism as part of a larger group comprised of the aforementioned disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2004).
The hallmarks of this disorder have many presentations, but generally follow a pattern of slow attainment of developmental milestones; a normal pace followed by a gradual slowing and ...view middle of the document...

Their rare interaction with others consists of severe tantrums when their routines or activities are interrupted; extremes of exhibited language use (from limited to large vocabularies) with unusual intonations or inflections that are seemingly disassociated from any nonverbal cues in higher-functioning individuals (NIMH, 2004). Other associated problems with autism are the inability of the brains of autistic individuals to perceive different stimuli normally (roughly akin to an untunable radio transceiver), mental retardation, seizure disorder, Fragile X Syndrome and tuberous sclerosis (NIMH, 2004).
The estimated prevalence rate of autism according to several studies ranges from 2 to 6 per 1,000 children (CDC, 2006). However, this number may be underestimated due to the fact that nearly half of these cases are left undiagnosed (NIMH, 2004).
Diagnostic criteria according to DSM-IV-TR are as follows: “Group 1, qualitative impairment in social interaction…Group 2, qualitative impairments in communication [and] Group 3, restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities” (qtd. in Hilt, Metz & Dagg, 2006). Some of the more common symptoms in these groups were mentioned previously. There must be at least 6 symptoms altogether, with at least one from each group; In addition, at least two should come from Group 1 and any of the symptoms must be present by age 3 (Hilt, Metz & Dagg, 2006).
Surveillance (Level I) in the form of well-child visits is often the first to detect early signs of autism. Parents alert to the following may help in detecting autism early by noting failure to reach the following milestones in a timely manner (American Academy of Neurology & Child Neurology Society, 2003):
· babbling by 12 months;
· gesturing (e.g., pointing, waving bye-bye) by 12 months;
· single words by 16 months;
· two-word spontaneous (not just echolalic) phrases by 24 months [or]
· loss of any language or social skills at any age (p. 6).
Any of these red flags signal a need for further testing using any one of the autism screening tools available such as the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) or the Autism Screening Questionnaire (American Academy of Neurology & Child Neurology Society, 2003). Developmental tests administered routinely to document milestones such as the Denver Development Screening Test II may pick up signs of delay in one or more domains but have a low sensitivity and specificity for autism and similar disorders and are not recommended (American Academy of Neurology & Child Neurology Society, 2003). It is also prudent to rule out concomitant conditions such as congenital or acquired deafness and lead poisoning through the standard tests used to detect these diseases (American Academy of Neurology & Child Neurology Society, 2003).
Diagnosis and evaluation (Level II) takes an in-depth, multidisciplinary approach to arriving at the final diagnosis. Among these tests include...

Other Essays Like Child Observation

Child Observation - Kimberly Essay

2914 words - 12 pages expressive language skills.  He has a good command of the English language and speaks with proper articulation and fluency.  He can respond to questions with depth and relevance- indicating an expansive vocabulary and satisfactory comprehension skills. Henry can quickly grasp concepts presented in class.  His good observation skills allow him to detect logical relationships among pictures or objects.  He is proficient in labeling, matching, and

Child Development Class Observation Report

630 words - 3 pages Teen- ObservationTest subject: teen ( Sister ) 15My observation of my sister has to with her development of her thinking process. I had given her a math evaluation and I wanted to tester her in four areas of math. Addition and subtraction, multiplication and division, algebra and geometry were subjects used. The object of this evaluation is to observe the test subject on how one method is used and is it transitions to the next level of math.I


526 words - 3 pages Observation The student is considered a novice as an observer of children. The student observes children to gain practice and understanding in child development. Students have an obligation to protect children and respect school personnel. Observers are usually visitors in the classroom. The observer must keep in mind that they are a disruption to the regular processes in the classroom and they should respect the classroom teacher’s

Business Research

1362 words - 6 pages is also slow, experience, and time consuming. When observing for the purpose of data collection, observation is difficult as it relates to one’s intentions attitude, opinion, or preference. The circumstance under which a case can be made for observation is as follows: A parent is interested in observing his or her child in school or in class. On the day the parent is in the class, the child may not demonstrated the said

Observation Report

1409 words - 6 pages OBSERVATION REPORT (Observe – to pay attention to, to perceive or notice, to watch, to recognize or note occurrences, to draw inferences, to remark or comment) The Observation Report is to be the result of an in-person observation made for the purpose of partially fulfilling the requirements of this course, and must include a complete and comprehensive report on any 2.5 hours of observation from the list of choices below, exclusive of

Explain How to Monitor Children and Young People's Development Using Different Methods

520 words - 3 pages to record what we see and hear – not what we think or feel. A child may cry for different reasons. We don’t know how the child is feeling, and we shouldn’t make a subjective assumption that the child is sad. We should always focus on the child’s strengths as much as we focus on any learning or behaviour difficulties. The observation must follow the school’s policies and procedures regarding confidentiality and data protection. Monitoring

Sport and Fitness

1329 words - 6 pages . | |This is a knowledge based unit so requires no assessor observation .You will need to research the subject. Make sure you give examples and if link | |theory to your own work practice and experiences. Don’t forget to add legislation surrounding, confidentiality, child protection and Data protection. | |You will need to research inquires and case reviews and them compare, contrast

Brief Description of Child:

810 words - 4 pages nails and doing maths. She appears not to have any allergies or dietary restrictions noted. Aim of Observation: To help Child A to talk more to people she does not know well and project her voice and build social skills. Observation: Child A is on the creative table as she is fond of colouring and using and is very imaginative. Also she comes up with wonderful ideas. Child A draws beautiful pictures of her characters in her story which suggests

Personality Traits

962 words - 4 pages in humans: activity levels; biological rhythms; approach or withdrawal; adaptability; quality of mood; intensity of reactions; sensitivity threshold; distractibility; persistence/attention span, (Chess, 1990). Each trait delivers positivism and challenges which must be considered to avoid labeling a child as bad or good. A caregiver’s/teacher’s observation and goodness of fit is the best way to approach a child’s temperament, an offshoot of

Children's Development

4982 words - 20 pages 2.1 Child and young person development Key points in this unit: O The principles of child and young person development O The basic patterns of child and young person development O The sequences of development 0 to 16 years O The importance of observing children’s development O The purpose of observation O The basic principles of child observation O Confidentiality O Report findings O Observation methods O Planning provision to promote

Naturalistic Observation Project

534 words - 3 pages for the physical, cognitive, and social/emotional development. Is there anything unusual or “off-development” for this child (deficits as well as giftedness)? There was nothing off-development or unusual for this girl, on the contrary, I think she is very intelligent and talented. My thoughts about observation: I think my observation helped me a lot to understand the normal development in middle childhood and to know we should interact, guide

Related Papers

Child Observation Essay

1700 words - 7 pages Makeea S. Patterson Workshop Three - 3.5 Dropbox Child Development Paper 7 July 2015 Human Behavior/Social Environment (SWK-342-01A) Indiana Wesleyan University Instructor Beth Griffin Subject: The child I chose to observe was 12 year old girl named Kimeko, of African-American background. This observation took place in her home, on a Friday evening, between the hours of 4PM-6PM. As this was my first observation experience, I was somewhat

Child Observation Example Essay

2202 words - 9 pages Play is John’s Work Student December 1, 2007 Assignment 2: Preschool Years Play is John’s Work Child’s Name: John* Age: 4 years 7 months Site: Sandy Hill Nursery School *I do not believe in using a child’s real name for observation essays. Although I may get marked down for this, I stand firm in my belief that it is not necessary to use a child’s real name. Everything in this essay is based upon my observation of a single male

Child Observation Essay

496 words - 2 pages will communicate with parents and families to work at home with their children on what we go over in class. Due to parent's have a big influence on children; working with them at home will encourage a child to learn. Some of the things that I would give the parents to work on with their children are sight words, shapes, and colors. I believe that parents should be involved in every educational program their children are involved in. I will

Child Observation Essay

1585 words - 7 pages world (4). This child had a tendency to mimic the actions of her older, seven year old brother. He made a point of showing his sister when he walked up the slide rather than sliding down it. Repition is a coping behavior and helps children learn (2). She was so amused by her brother that she started to copy the action and, when mastered, called to her mother to watch her perform this amazing feat. The child was proud once she was able to