Most children and young people will experience some illness in their life. Common illnesses like coughs and cold are not usually serious.
However, illnesses like meningitis are more serious and the child will need specialist medical care. Illnesses like chicken pox are infectious to others and illnesses like asthma are not infectious at all.
The main signs that a child is ill are:
* Poor appetite.
* No energy.
* Change in behaviour (unusually quiet, not sleeping well, crying more than usual).
* Skin rash.
* Raised body temperature.
* A cough, headache, stomach ache, earache or runny nose.
* Looks pale.
* Is ...view middle of the document...
Measles is one of the most contagious communicable diseases. It is caused by the measles virus and is a leading cause of vaccine- preventable deaths in children worldwide.
Signs and symptoms of measles may include:
* Fever, cough, runny nose, and watery inflamed eyes
* Small red spots with white or bluish white centres in the mouth
* Dusky red, blotchy rash that begins on the face and spreads all over the body
* Rash begins on 3rd to 7th day of illness and lasts 4 to 7 days
A doctor may be able to diagnose measles based on a child’s symptoms but a blood test is recommended to confirm the diagnosis. The incubation period for a child with measles is 10 days. A Measles vaccine is part of the routine childhood immunisation schedule starting at 12 months of age. The vaccine, MMR, also provides protection against mumps and rubella.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be caused by a bacteria or a virus. Diagnosis of meningitis is made by a primary health care provider.
Bacteria that cause meningitis include:
• Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) (see Hib)
• Neisseria meningitides...