Childhood Overweight Essay

1697 words - 7 pages

Childhood Overweight
by L. Bellows and J. Roach1 (05/09)
Quick Facts...
* Overweight children have an increased risk of being overweight as adults.
* Genetics, behavior, and family environment play a role in childhood overweight.
* Childhood overweight increases the risk for certain medical and psychological conditions.
* Encourage overweight children to be active, decrease screen time, and develop healthful eating habits.
The prevalence of overweight children in the United States has increased dramatically in recent years. Recent reports have reached epidemic levels, with approximately 16 percent of children, 2 to 19 years old, classified as overweight.2 Colorado fares ...view middle of the document...

During their youth, for example, they are more likely to exhibit risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes compared with normal weight individuals.4 Additional health complications associated with overweight children include sleep apnea, asthma, and liver damage.4 Further, overweight children and adolescents are more likely to become obese adults. For example, one study found that approximately 80 percent of children who were overweight at 10 to 15 years old were obese at 25.4 Another study found that 25 percent of obese adults were overweight as children.4 This study also concluded that if overweight begins before 8 years of age, obesity in adulthood is likely to be more severe. Finally, childhood overweight has psychological and emotional consequences. Overweight children are at an increased risk of teasing and bullying, low self-esteem, and poor body image.
Contributors of Childhood Overweight
There is not one single cause of childhood overweight, rather it is a complex interaction of many variables. Contributing factors include genetics, behavior, environment, and certain socio-demographics.
Genetics. Certain genetic characteristics may increase an individual’s susceptibility to excess body weight, however, there are likely to be many genes involved and a strong interaction between genetics and environment that influences the degree of excess body weight.5 It has been shown that overweight tends to run in families suggesting a genetic link. In some cases, parental obesity is a stronger predictor of childhood overweight than the child’s weight status alone.5
Behavior. Weight gain occurs as a result of energy imbalance, specifically when a child consumes more calories than the child uses. Several behaviors can contribute to weight gain including nutrition, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors.
* Nutrition - An increase in availability and consumption of high-calorie convenience foods and beverages, more meals eaten away from home, fewer family meals, and greater portion sizes all may contribute to childhood overweight. Further, many children’s diets do not meet nutrition guidelines. For example, only 8 percent of children in Colorado ate vegetables three or more times per day as recommended by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.3, 6
* Physical Activity - Decreased opportunities and participation in physical activity is another behavior that contributes to overweight children. Being physically active not only has positive effects on body weight, but also on blood pressure and bone strength.7 It also has been shown that physically active children are more likely to remain physically active into adolescence and adulthood.7 Children may spend less time being physically active during school as well as at home. School physical education programs have decreased and children are walking to school and doing household chores less frequently.

Other Essays Like Childhood Overweight

The Growing Issue of American Children and Teenagers Both Overweight and Obese

1988 words - 8 pages The Growing Issue of American Children and Teenagers Both Overweight and Obese In nearly every city in America, one will find thousands of people who are either obese or overweight. The numbers and rates at which Americans are becoming or are obese or overweight are far greater than they should be. Why is it that in a country with the most useful resources, we as a nation cannot even “watch our weight”? The truth of the matter is, as

Child Obesity Essay

1675 words - 7 pages Herron 2 Over the past 30 years the amount of children and teenagers who are overweight has tripled. Of the children and adolescents in America, 16% to 33% are overweight and obese, making it very clear that obesity is a growing problem; one-third of America’s children are carrying more weight that they should to be healthy. Will child obesity numbers continue to climb rapidly over the years? Many reasons have been found for this growing

Current Health Events Project

929 words - 4 pages ., & Jahns, L. (2007). Association of Overweight With Academic Performance and Social and Behavioral Problems: Update From the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. School of Health, 77(10), 672–678 Shi, L. & Singh, D.A. (2013). Essentials of the U.S. Health Care System. Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC.

Why Weight?

2043 words - 9 pages , someone who is a few pounds overweight may indicate a tendency to gain weight easily and a need for changes in diet and/or exercise. Generally, a child is not considered obese until the weight is at least 10 percent higher than what is recommended for the height and body type (Hearnshaw and Matyka). Obesity most commonly begins in childhood between the ages of 5 and 6 and during adolescence (“Obesity and Overweight”). A study done by the

Childhood Obesity

1185 words - 5 pages in meat processing, such as they using sick animal meat which introduces harmful bacteria into the food, too many man-made ingredients, and too much calories in food. To sum up, that is a horrible fact that fast food affects childhood obesity. The obesity is bad for children’s health because they become so overweight it impedes their movement and their growing. It is not only a fact that most kids don’t want to play with obese children, but also

Childhood Obesity in New Zealand

4889 words - 20 pages judgment based on your critical examination, of childhood obesity. * Give your personal opinion- I belive this, I believe that etc. * A section that explains in detail issues around children’s health and physical activity and the impact or potential impact on New Zealand society. * What does overweight children mean for NZ society? Overweight children tends to lead to overweight adults which means that more money will need to be spent on

Childhood Obesity

1544 words - 7 pages them by making sure your child is not obese, keeping your child surrounds stress free and making sure your child doesn’t get sick. Just those few steps can decrease the cause of obesity. Preventing childhood obesity is a big issue when it involves children of any age. No one wants to see an overweight child. There are many different things you can do to prevent a child from being overweight. Just to name a few things and ideas to keep a child

Obesity in America

531 words - 3 pages easier to get over the last 50 years.Compared to other races and ethnic groups in California, Latino males and females of all ages have among the highest rates of obesity, overweight, and one of the most severe consequences of obesity: type 2 diabetes. Nearly seven out of ten California Latino adults are overweight or obese. Because of the growth in childhood obesity, the risk for diabetes is becoming so great that it is projected that half of

Obesity in Children

2351 words - 10 pages the right track to eating right and reversing obesity in their child. Healthy habits start at home. The best way to fight or prevent childhood obesity and weight problems is to get the whole family on a healthier track. Making better food choices and becoming more active will benefit everyone, regardless of weight. And with the whole family involved, it will be much easier for their overweight child to make lasting changes. The most effective way

Childhood Obesity

2305 words - 10 pages RunningHead: Childhood Obesity 1. Childhood Obesity 2. The topic I have chosen is Childhood Obesity. Health has always been a major topic in our society. This paper will show childhood obesity as a growing problem in our Nation. According to Hagelin, 2012, 1 in 3 children is, “obese or overweight”, often resulting in medical problems adding up to “nearly $150 billion” each year (Hagelin, 2012 p.8). This is

Childhood Obesity and Public Schools

2046 words - 9 pages , removing soda and junk food vending machines, and a healthier and more balanced school provided food program can all help to curb the meteoric rise in America’s rate of childhood obesity. Many health conditions stem from obesity, and overweight adolescents are 70% more likely to become overweight or obese adults compared to normal weight adolescents. (U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007) Obese children are about nine times more

Related Papers

Childhood Obesity Essay 737 Words

737 words - 3 pages Childhood Obesity Name Institution   Obesity means a surplus amount of body fat. There is no general statement that exists on the smallest definition of obesity in adolescents and children, unlike the standards for adults. There is an increased risk for overweight children to be overweight in their adulthood. Family environment, genetic and behavior play a key role in childhood obesity. Childhood obesity increases the risk of certain

Childhood Obesity And Parental Involvment Essay

1613 words - 7 pages CHILDHOOD HEALTH AND OBESITY Childhood Health and Obesity Prevention The health of America’s children should be a priority throughout society. The number of children and adolescents struggling with significant weight problems and obesity is growing at an alarming rate. Obesity is defined by an accumulation of excess body fat. (Singhal, Schwenk, & Kumar, 2007) Children are classified as being overweight if he

Childhood Obesity Essay 1312 Words

1312 words - 6 pages Susannah Walmsley Public Speaking Linda Linn November 10, 2010 Childhood Obesity Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that has reached epidemic proportions in many developed countries throughout the world, with America having one of the highest rates of overweight children. The consequences this issue has for the children involved can be serious in a number of aspects of their lives. Not only does this issue affect a child

Children And Snacks Essay

362 words - 2 pages Young children are consuming way too many calories from snacks, which is probably a big contributor to the growing childhood obesity problem. Since many prepackaged high caloriesnacks are readily available for parents to hand out to a hungry child, parents are not paying close attention to the amount of calories their children are getting from these snacks. About 25% of the daily calories an average child eats come from snacks, compared to 20% a