by : Karol Padilla
The Period of Disunion & The Sui Dynasty
In 220 AD the last Han emperor was dethroned by a group of powerful warlords. During the period of disunion (220-589), the warlords established their own private armies and proclaimed their own ruler. Many dynasties were established during this time of turmoil. The time between 220 AD and 265 AD was known as the Three Kingdoms Period.
The Sui Dynasty (581-618) was founded by one of two emperors: Yang Chien, an official of the Northern Zhou, who and gave himself the title of Wen Ti, as the Son of Heaven. Wen Ti succeeded in unifying China during this era. After his demise, Wen Ti's son Emperor Yang Kuang ...view middle of the document...
Philosophies & Religions
Confucianism is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confius. "Master Kong", 551–478 BC). Confucianism originated as an "ethical-sociopolitical teaching" during the Spring & Autumn Period but later developed metaphysical and cosmological elements in the Han Dynasty. Following the abandonment of Legalism in China after the Qin Dynasty, Confucianism became the official state ideology of China, until it was replaced by the "Three Principles Of People" ideology with the establishment of the Republic of China, and then Maoist Communism after the ROC was replaced by the People's Republics Of China in Mainland China.
Neo-Confucianism was an attempt to create a more rationalist and secular form of Confucianism by rejecting superstitious and mystical elements of Daoism and Buddhism that had influenced Confucianism during and after the Han Dynasty. Although the Neo-Confucianists were critical of Daoism and Buddhism, the two did have an influence on the philosophy, and the Neo-Confucianists borrowed terms and concepts from both. However, unlike the Buddhists and Daoists, who saw as a catalyst for spiritual development, religious enlightenment, and immortality, the...