Christianity came from Judaism. Judaism is a Jewish religion which views originated from the Old Testament. The Old Testament is broken down into five categories: the Torah meaning the “Law” containing the five books of Moses,” History: the book of Joshua to the book of Esther, Wisdom: the book of Job to the book of Song of Solomon, Prophetic Books: the book Isaiah to the book of Daniel and the last twelve books are the Minor Prophets: the book of Hosea to the book of Malachi. The Old Testament books are pivotal to the birth of the New Testament because if God did not keep his promises to the Old Testament patriarchs Christianity would have not been born.
In this research I ...view middle of the document...
66-70. The Essene also like the Pharisees believed in the resurrection of the dead. Last the Zealots, who believed that no Jew should pay Roman taxes or acknowledge the emperor. All of the sects are significant in the Christian history. The main sect that will be focused on are the Pharisees because of the influence they on the Jewish people.
The Pharisees were strict enforcers of traditional Mosaic Law. They were higher than the peasants and lower than the government. The Pharisees also had the authority to arrest people if they did not follow main traditions or customs, for example the Sabbath or in Hebrew as the Shabbat. Due to the authority given to the Pharisees, they would publicly criticize anyone who went against the law. Those who broke the traditional customs of the law would be arrested and brought before the religious courts but only if reported by the Pharisees. Throughout Jesus’ ministry he taught the coming of the kingdom of God. Jesus placed ethics at the core of Mosaic Law. He had rejected the overstressed rabbinical concern with ceremonial and limitations. He ministered to Jews and gentiles, casting out demons, healing the sick, healing the blind, making the lame walk. In the New Testament the book of John 21:26 it says “Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.” The most important part of Jesus’ ministry was proclaiming the gospel of his father so the Old Testament can be fulfilled.
The acts of Jesus did not sit well with the Pharisees. They felt that Jesus’ teachings were misleading and so they were offended. Even the Romans feared that Jesus would lead and set aflame a revolt of Jewish converts. Jesus said that he did not come to abolish the law but to fulfill the law. The intent of Jesus was not to start a new religion or to rebel against the authorities. The Pharisees tried to bate Jesus into speaking against the law. Towards the end of Jesus’ ministry the Pharisees had what they needed to charge Jesus with claiming to be the Son of God. The Bible says that Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate who was the prefect of Judaea and served under the Emperor Tiberius Caesar Augustus. Pilate authorized the crucifixion of Jesus.
From Judaism to a World Religion
Paul an apostle of Jesus, a Hellenized Jew from Tarsus murdered Christians in the name of God. In Acts 9:3-6 says “Now as he journeyed he approached Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven flashed about him. And he fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?" And he said, "Who are you, Lord?" And he said, "I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting; but rise and enter the city, and you will be told what you are to do." Due to Pauls’ conversion on the road to Damascus he became the heart of Christianity and he wrote two thirds of the New Testament. Since Paul separated the Christianity...