Citizenship And Leadership Essay

2676 words - 11 pages


“Representativeness” and Partnership Working in Regeneration

Table of Contents

Representation in the United Kingdom 3
Community Involvement in Partnership Working 4
Methods to Improve Community Participation 6
Conclusion 7
Source Material 8

“Representativeness” and Partnership Working in Regeneration

Representation in the United Kingdom

In any democracy, citizens are both governed and governing and make up the process of government. How good government is therefore depends on the actions of citizens. If citizens are treated as customers, or as passive members of society, the potential of this type of government is not ...view middle of the document...

Deliberation in search of a practical agreement is therefore a necessary element in representative democracy. The more that citizens are involved in deliberation, the more informed will be the representative. Participation therefore strengthens the nature of representative democracy.

If there is to be a strong bond between citizens and government there must also be public accountability. There are two elements to this. Firstly, those who exercise public power must be able to give account. Secondly, there must be means to hold to account those who exercise public power. This means that citizens need to be able to hold representatives to account, and need to be able to have the right information to make a judgement about the actions of representatives. Accountability is not about control, but about the way in which control is exercised. It is not an administrative tool, but a moral principle . If every citizen counts in the accounting, a limited relationship is not enough. Accountability is a process that is part of the creation of a community and society. For it to happen requires a lot of participation by citizens.

Voluntary bodies, community groups and worker co-operatives are all forms of participation in society, and therefore can enable representative institutions (parliament, councils etc.) to achieve representation by exposing them to a wider process of deliberation by the citizens. Public bodies can, if they choose, use their basis in election to ignore or even go against genuine protests against their decisions. When this happens, they become enclosed and citizens feel powerless against them.

This essay is going to examine the way in which community regeneration processes that have been developed in the past few years are (or can be) effective, if at all, in improving representation and democracy in the UK.

Community Involvement in Partnership Working

Partnership is a concept that implies equality or balance, and reciprocation between parties. But there is often inequality in so-called partnerships, mainly because partners have different levels of power i.e. the ability to make things happen . Lukes, 1974 divides power into three dimensions the power to make decisions, the power to shape a particular agenda and the power to shape people’s desires. The last dimension is directly related to the way in which attitudes, knowledge and beliefs are developed in society.

When partnerships are formed between communities and public authorities, it is important to understand power-relationships. According to Mayo and Taylor, there is a large gap between rhetoric and reality when discussing regeneration partnerships in the UK. Perhaps it is time to look beyond the simple achievements of outputs and evaluate success also on the basis of outcomes in terms of changes in the relative power of different stakeholders.

On the basis that citizens are central in a democracy, and that the UK is constitutionally built upon this...

Other Essays Like Citizenship and Leadership

Rome and the Latin Settlements of 338 Bc

1191 words - 5 pages . Tusculum on the other hand, whilst a participant in the revolt was granted Roman citizenship, after the pro-war agitators had been put to death. Along with Tusculum, Lanuvium, Aricia, Nomentum and Pedum were incorporated into the Roman state as Municipium, or self-governing communities . This method of incorporation of non-Romans into Rome predates the 338 settlements. Underneath the status of full Roman citizenship, there was also the civitas

Tata Case Essay

862 words - 4 pages , South Africa, or Turkey – is more than a passing fashion. With the purpose of inculcating a sense of responsible citizenship in the young generation of the Country, Tata Steel has incorporated a range of programmes in its comprehensive CSR curriculum that are specially designed for the purpose. The initiatives encompass JRD Tata's vision for the Country and the values that he upheld. Youth Leadership projects include activities related

Current Event Article

800 words - 4 pages or visa. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, made it illegal to hire or recruit illegal immigrants. Legislative History According to Wikipedia (nd), “The Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007 (S. 1348) – was a bill discussed in the 110th United States Congress that would have provided legal status and a path to citizenship for the approximately 12 to 20 million illegal immigrants currently residing in the

Court of Honor Script

1793 words - 8 pages , fellow Scouts, parents, family, friends, and members of the community. Today, we have the privilege of seeing (Eagle) realize his Scouting efforts as he joins the company of Eagle Scouts. (Eagle) has distinguished himself through his continued performance of active service in Scouting. He is trained and practiced in his leadership abilities. And, he is marked by the character gained through an understanding of citizenship and values. The wearer

Organisational Behavior Bibliographies

2582 words - 11 pages Punished 410 Contents xvii Organizational Behavior Case: Up the Piece Rate 411 Organizational Behavior Case: A Tardiness Problem 411 Leadership in the New Environment Leadership Styles 448 446 Chapter 13 Effective Leadership Processes Learning Obj ectives 413 What is Leadership? 413 The Historically Important Studies on Leadership 415 413 Style Implications of the Classic Studies and the Modern Theories 449 Classic Styles 451

Ethical Leadership and Culture Change

3031 words - 13 pages Australia, Frenchs Forest, NSW. | Seeger, M. W. & Ulmar, R. R. (2003). Explaining Enron. Management Commination Quarterly, 17(1), 58-84. Retrieved from | Shin, Y. (2012). CEO ethical leadership, ethical climate, climate strength, and collective organizational citizenship behaviour. Journal of Business Ethics. 108(3), 299-312. Doi: 10.1007/s10551

Job Satisfaction

1175 words - 5 pages arises between co-workers as well as upper management. The majority of "bullies" hold leadership positions, including supervisors and managers (70-90%)(, 2014). This can be due to the amount of rank and authority held within that position in a team environment. It is important to keep in mind that irregardless of the position held, disrespectful and offensive behavior can not be tolerated in an organizational environment. One of the

New Balance

1728 words - 7 pages commitment to improve [societal] well-being through discretionary business practices and contributions of corporate resources (Korschun, D.) Since its introduction in the 1950s, CSR has increasingly gained importance and influence within the corporate world and has evolved from revolving mainly around philanthropy of powerful individuals to incorporating corporate social, ethical and environmental responsibility. The Corporate Citizenship

Ets1 Task 1

866 words - 4 pages is to develop and effectively communicate a company code of ethics. This will allow the leadership of Company Q to start the process of engaging and empowering their employees. When the employees believe and experience the leadership acting ethically when running their business and set proper examples; the staff will do the same. The management of Company Q will gain trust in their employees through this process. This will provide many

Leadership & Motivation

4879 words - 20 pages Leadership and Motivation: a Practical Analysis Leadership Project Paper within: LEADERSHIP Authors: ALAURENT, Hervé HARRINGTON, Jaclyn KUPKE, Nils VACHEVA, Desislava WALACH, Joey Tutor: BRUNDIN, Ethel Jönköping December 2008 Table of Contents 1 Abstract 1 2 Introduction 1 2.1 Purposes 1 2.2 Mica’s perspective on Motivation 2 3 Transformational Leadership 2 3.1 Leadership and Temperament Congruence 3

Mahatma Gandhi, an Exemplary Leader

1946 words - 8 pages Mahatma Gandhi, An Exemplary Leader B.Panchal Author Note B.Panchal, Department of Business Management, Wilmington University, Delaware Keywords: leadership, traits of leadership, emergent leader, credibility, honesty, integrity, visionary, follower-centric, transformational and charismatic, quality Profile Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born on October 2nd 1869 in Porbandar, India – died January 30th 1948 in New Delhi, India) was a

Related Papers

Article Study For Ceo Ethical Leadership, Ethical Climate, Climate Strength, And Collective Organizational Citizenship Behavior

1059 words - 5 pages Article of ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR BUS568-01 Yuhyung Shin. CEO Ethical Leadership, Ethical Climate, Climate Strength, and Collective Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics Jul2012, Vol. 108 Issue 3, p299-312. Major Hypotheses Although there are a large number of studies on the Ethical Climate, it is still lack of understanding of the antecedents of the Ethical Climate or the relationship between the Ethical

Influence Of Organizational Culture On Organizational Citizenship Behavior: A Three Sector Study

5754 words - 24 pages interviews with organizational citizenship behavior,” Human Performance, 8 (2). Lok, P., & Crawford, J. (1999) “The relationship between commitment and organizational culture, subculture, leadership style and job satisfaction in organizational change and development,” Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 20 (7). Lowery, C. M., & Krilowicz, T. J. (1994) “Relationships among nontask behaviors, rated performance, and objective

Microsoft Corporate Social Responsibility Essay

525 words - 3 pages Microsoft Corporate Social Responsibility ETH/361 July 21, 2014 Lorece Tietjen Microsoft Corporate Social Responsibility: Introduction The Microsoft office was ranked number one company for their Corporate Social Responsibility reported by Reputation Institute’s 2012 CSR Rep Trak 100 Report, around the world. This study was conducted via various indications such as Citizenship, Governance and Workplace and Microsoft received

Organisational Commitment Essay

708 words - 3 pages How might organisational commitment impact on the behavior of employees in the work place? Would the impact be the same for all employees? Organizational commitment is the employee's psychological attachment to the organization. It predicts work variables such as turnover, organizational citizenship behavior, and job performance. Some of the factors such as role stress, empowerment, job insecurity and employability, and distribution of