This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Citizenship Identity In Turkey Essay

1304 words - 6 pages

The Politics of Citizenship by Drawing Borders: Foreign Policy and the Construction of National Citizenship Identity in Turkey

As far as the transitional period from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish
Republic is concerned, one of the crucial areas in which the impact of foreign
policy has been observed is the building of national citizenship identity in
Turkey. This is in terms of its relation not only to Turkish modernity but also
to the process of nation-building that has considerable potential for producing
political change because of the disruption it introduces into the established
patterns of international relations. It is within this context that we situate the
relationship ...view middle of the document...

It is obvious that there is not a single pattern of democratic transformation
appropriate for every social–political formation. Nor is there a single pattern
Middle Eastern Studies, Vol.40, No.6, November 2004, pp.26 – 50
ISSN 0026-3206 print/1743-7881 online
DOI: 10.1080/0026320042000282865 # 2004 Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Downloaded By: [Columbia University] At: 10:23 29 October 2007
common to every liberal democracy for distinguishing citizenship. Rather,
modern societies develop the conditions of ‘proper membership’ for citizens
to nation states as a means of addressing specific problems originating from
historical ethnic, religious, linguistic, and/ or gender differentiation and/or
from the current context of mobility.3 Therefore, in order to see ‘which model
will work in different contexts’,4 it is important to analyse the evolution of
particular citizenship identities as parallel to the formation of nation(al) states
on a country by country basis.
In this framework, the evolution of the modern Turkish (national)
citizenship as an institution of the republican regime – both as a collection
of rights and as a general framework of official identity for the members of
the ‘community inside’ – has been a subject of rising interest since the mid-
1990s. The basic features of Turkish citizenship have been described as a
civic–territorial, secular, and republican, duty-based–passive identity in
several substantive studies, which have used different analytical instruments,
such as the legal formulation of an official citizenship identity in successive
Turkish constitutions and in related laws; the content of the general
republican education system, which has aimed to create the new republican
citizen; the immigration and settlement policies, which have been an example
of spatial–temporal conditioning of self/other in the new national context;
and the effects of the republican state ideology on the evolution of Turkish
citizenship as a duty-based identity.5
An analysis of Turkish foreign policy and the interaction between its
international context and domestic social–political formations helps to
diagnose the historical impediments Turkish citizens have faced throughout
the process of developing a right-based, active, liberal identity. The general
foreign policy orientation and practices of the nationalist Ankara government
during the period of national struggle in the late 1910s and early 1920s exists
as the foundation for the emergence of the Turkish national citizenship
identity. Before the establishment of the republic, the territorial, cultural
(national) and ethical–ideological boundaries of Turkish citizenship were
drawn mainly by the foreign policy acts and decisions of the new ruling elite,
which also entailed a particular ‘politics of citizenship’ in the domestic
sphere. In other words, in each foreign policy action the nationalists
simultaneously envisaged and domesticated a particular identity for...

Other Essays Like Citizenship Identity In Turkey

Immigration Policy Options In Tennessee Essay

974 words - 4 pages , including addenda that provide a path to citizenship for immigrants younger than 12 years of age and augment enforcement and deportation efforts for adult immigrant criminals. In consideration of the goals and prospects of our proposed legislation and its implications for future immigration politics, there are several obstacles that appear relevant to its passage. Obstacles to Previous Reform Attempts One of the greatest challenges for our group to

Aworld Without Borders Essay

736 words - 3 pages of a state’s jurisdiction and authority, the regulation of movement of people, capital, commodities and information between state territories and the assignation of an identity and citizenship. Are these functions being replaced by globalisation and business movements? The end of boundaries is not nigh. Firstly, one of the main functions of boundaries or national borders is, as said, the demarcation of the territorial limits of a state’s

Ottoman Empire

2490 words - 10 pages essential ingredient in the creation of a new Turkey and of new, modernized Turks, and he viewed the revised Turkish language as one of the ways to create a new national identity. Within the Ottoman Empire, the Turks were merely one of many linguistic and ethnic groups, and the word Turk in fact connoted crudeness and boorishness. Members of the civil, military, and religious elite conversed and conducted their business in Ottoman

Canadian Identity

861 words - 4 pages should work to keep. The first thing we should examine is what exactly is meant by “strong national identity”. A very good example of strong national identity is the U.S.. I doubt there is a man on this planet who is not familiar with the U.S.. People immediately recognize their flag, and most people can tell you quite a bit about them. The same is true of Canada, and what do they know of Canada? In 1995 U.S. President Bill Clinton stated his view

Two Meals

998 words - 4 pages dairies, which is separated into skim milk, condensed skim milk and cream. The milk mixture is then homogenized and pasteurized. Tropical Fruit Smoothie – is a delicious blend of yogurt, soymilk, mango and a touch of pineapple. In the summer on my way to work I stop in at the Tropical Fruit Smoothie Café and get my favorite Coconut & Pineapple smoothie made to order with fresh ingredients. Turkey Quesadilla – This is one of my favorite foods


4839 words - 20 pages using BLOCK LETTERS. Tick where applicable 3 If you need more space for any answers, give details at Part T – Additional information Integrity of application The Department of Immigration and Border Protection (the department) is committed to maintaining the integrity of the visa and citizenship programs. Please be aware that if you provide us with fraudulent documents or claims, this may result in processing delays and possibly your

Notes on Nationalism- A2 Government and Politics

1127 words - 5 pages give rise to nationhood including having a single common ancestor, a common historical experience, common culture, ethnic identity, geographical proximity, religion, attachment to territory. - A state is a political reality. It either exists or it doesn’t. In contrast to the concept of nation, it does not convey a people’s state of mind or emotion. A state is a defined territory within which there is a centre of sovereignty that is, more or less

Trend Analysis

1951 words - 8 pages passed against the Latino community would be that of the notoriously racist law in Arizona that allows police to legal racially profile and demand that “anyone brown looking” must prove their citizenship (Collins). On the other hand, Samuel P. Huntington insists that very idea of American identity and culture is being challenged by the continuing immigration from Latin America, which in turn creates this animosity (2). As their numbers increase, many

Organisational Behaviour Case Study

2024 words - 9 pages Work Engagement Affective commitment is the emotional attachment to, identification with and involvement in an organization. In terms of the case, after the implementation of the integration model, the remaining XYZ Energy’s staffs will be confused with their role identity and have lesser affective commitment leading to a decline in organisational citizenship behaviour. Clarke and Salleh (2011) pointed out that a merger may also have considerable

This I Believe

726 words - 3 pages I believe in World Citizenship Someone asked me one time why I seem irritated when I hear the question “where are you from”? Honestly, the main reason is that I hear this specific question several times every day. People are always intrigued by my accent and the fact that I know so much about other countries. The truth is, it is unfair to those people for me to get upset because there is no way for them to know that several other people

10 Mary Street

1001 words - 5 pages themes of stability and change? key is referred to various times throughout the poem such as in stanza 1 “Hid the Key under a rusty bucket” this line is a portrayal of the safety and security that they feel, that the home provides for them. Key is then used in the 5th stanza“Inheritors of a Key” this metaphor describes the migrants feelings, they have a citizenship yet they still feel like outsiders. “Key” has many different meanings, on one hand it

Related Papers

Cultural Transformations Essay

1659 words - 7 pages Covering our readings from Ozyurek, White, and Gole, elaborate on the relationship between secularism and political/cultural Islam in Turkey. How do these two groups (secularists vs. Islamists) define each other against their counterparts? What is distinct about them? Do you think they share any common assumptions or discourses via their relationship to the state, history of Turkey, city, gender, militarism, or “the West” (and “the Rest”)? What

Turkish And Kurdish Fertility In Turkey

4189 words - 17 pages differentials and demographic integration of Turkish and Kurdish populations in Turkey. Population Research and Policy Review, 27(4), 447-457. Laciner, S., & Bal, I. (2004). The ideological and historical roots of the Kurdist movements in Turkey: Ethnicity, demography, and politics. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 10(3), 473-504. Natali, D. (2005). The Kurds and the state: Evolving national identity in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran. Syracuse: Syracuse University

Identity Politics Challenging Universalism Essay

994 words - 4 pages cleavage’ implies splits or divisions, encouraging us to treat social groups or collective bodies as entities in their own right, ‘identity’ links the personal to the social.” (Politics, pg.212) Identity is not only singular, there are many aspects of oneself that form a particular identity, things such as gender, ethnicity religion, citizenship, sexual orientation, traditional dominance, etc. A well put statement by Heywood is a good way to

The Future Of Northern Iraq Andthe Emergence Of Ku

2418 words - 10 pages Kurds are an ethnic group composed of descendants of Indo-European tribes. They make up about 25 million people primarily situated in Iraq, Turkey, Iran and Syria: 23% of the population of Iraq, 18% of Turkey, 10% of Iran and 8% of Syria. For over a century they have been fighting for the right to have their own state. They have inhabited the mountains of Iraq for thousands of years, but despite their ancient heritage they have not been able to