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Civil War Essay

761 words - 4 pages

Civil War

Ranked as the deadliest war in American history, the Civil War tore America apart and took the lives of atleast 600,000 citizens. The war sparked mostly from the dispute over the rights of individual states. It lasted from 1861 until General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia surrendered at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. The American Civil War could have swung in either direction, but many factors suggested that Union Victory was inevitable.55
First off, the manpower on the Union side was much larger and outnumbered the Confederate army strength. There were 20 Northern states fighting against 11 Southern states. When the war broke out, the Confederate Army ...view middle of the document...

On the other hand, the North had superior industrial capabilites and could outdesign and outproduce the technology of warfare. Consequently, the North Army could keep fighting and maintain troops with arms, food, and medical attention, but the South Army had limited food and supply resources. More banking and financial resources was evidently a strong advantage for the Union, as well as having their centralized, strong federal government.
The main cause of the Civil War was the political differences between the North and South. The Union believed in a strong central government. The South, in contrast, believed that states should have the right to act independently. The Union had some strong political leaders on their side. Having Abraham Lincoln as President was another aspect that greatly contributed to their victory. President Lincoln had a strong determination for victory and therefore inspired his people and troops. Pushing for equality and freedom, Lincoln gave his troops something worth fighting for and was a hero that his people looked up to. On the topic of slavery, the north had an ethical outlook, and fought for the release of slaves. Southerners viewed slaves as “less than a full person,” and fought for the...

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