This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Civil War History Essay

1259 words - 6 pages

Both sides at the beginning of the Civil War were less than prepared for a war of any type, much less what it would become over the next four years. Not only were they not prepared with the amount of basic war supplies they would need, but a basic command structure was less than perfect, particularly in the South. No one foresaw the scope that war would take on, since the only experience that either side had with relatively large scale battle was during the Mexican War.

With the election of Abraham Lincoln the South reacted with predictable results. Lincoln had been portrayed as such an enemy of slavery, that it was automatic that they would fear that he would try to remove their ...view middle of the document...

Even Jefferson Davis was a graduate of West Point, and had fought with distinction in Mexico. As each of the seceding states left the Union they took with them many experienced officers, most notable of which was Robert E. Lee, after being offered command of all United States forces. This left holes in the command structure of the North that took time to correct. With both sides using officers in their commands with almost identical training, and many of them friends, it was sometimes not difficult for opposing officers to guess at what their opponent might do.

When most people think of the military commanders of the Confederacy, most often Robert E. Lee is mentioned in conjunction with the Army of Northern Virginia. However, in reality the war started with Lee being in command of Virginia state troops, before being promoted to a general in Confederate service. Until he was brought back to Richmond to serve in an advisory role to Jefferson Davis early 1862, he served inconspicuously in western Virginia, and South Carolina. Generals such as Pierre G.T. Beauregard, and Joseph Johnston took the forefront of command, beginning at Manassas. Lee begin his command of the Army of Northern Virginia after Johnston was wounded during the battle of Seven Pines, and became the leader most often linked to that organization.

As the war progressed the command structures on both sides became more developed, which resulted in more experience and knowledge about how to fight these tremendous battles that they were engaged in. This fact alone probably extended the war to some degree. In the case of the Northern commanders such as McClellan, Hooker, or Burnside were unreliable, at least in Lincoln's eyes, and thus he was forced to keep a close eye on them, as well as deal with their various foibles. It was not until Ulysses Grant became overall commander that most of these issues disappear.

Jefferson Davis did not suffer from the problems of an untrustworthy, or less than robust military commander in the top position. Since Lee had spent quite a while working directly with Davis in Richmond, before taking over direct command of the army, both men were quite familiar with each others way of thinking. Even with that Davis, a military man himself, was not shy about giving him advice, a practice he continued until the end of the war. Possibly because he chaffed under the machinations of government, and desired a more active role in the fighting. This also led to issues when it came to delegation of tasks to subordinates, today he would likely be termed a control-freak. Where Lincoln had trouble finding competent...

Other Essays Like Civil War History

History Civil Rights Essay

2077 words - 9 pages civil rights in the 1920s and 1930s?• How helpful were Supreme Court Decisions between 1915 and 1939?• What was the state of black civil rights by 1941?Key Question 4: How far and why did blacks gain civil rights between 1941 and1965?Focus Points:• What were the effects of the Second World War and Cold War on black civil rights?• What help came from the federal authorities between 1941 and 1954?• What concrete gains were made in black civil rights

Spanish Civil War Essay

2183 words - 9 pages unrest plagued Spain in the years leading up to the civil war, resulting in being one of the main causes of the civil war. Spain has been led by monarchies quite often during its history, dating back to the early 16th century and even being used in present day. The first instance where the Spanish monarchy was discarded was during the First Spanish Republic of 1873. This was a huge indicator that something politically and nationally significant

Causes of Civil War

944 words - 4 pages ------------------------------------------------- REsearch Paper By: Asad Rafique July 31, 2014 Professor Russell History 121 July 31, 2014 Professor Russell History 121 Causes Of Civil War Generally, texts have showed that inconsistency between northern and southern financial prudence initiated the Civil War. The industrial revolt in the North, throughout the first few years of the 19th century, resulted into Machine age economy that depend

Civil War Paper

843 words - 4 pages antebellum history because it is what leads to the Civil War. We need to know our past so that it does not happen again and teaches us about future endeavors. We still have problems today that are rooted from way back in this time in history, so we need to understand this time period because you cannot fully understand a problem unless you know where it came from.

Post Civil War

1824 words - 8 pages According to Schultz, (2012), America Post Civil War Growing Pains during the era, (1865-1900), was a restoration period in the history of the United States. Many soldiers of fighting –age, died returning home to the south, along with thousands of other Confederates bearing scares from the battle. While on the Northern part of the United States, cities began to grow from the inventions into modern society, trains, and infrastructures

Civil War Reconstruction Essay

1874 words - 8 pages In 1861, after decades of tension between the north and the south within the nation over issues including states rights and federal authority, westward expansion and slavery, the nation evolved into a Civil War. The election of Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860 had caused southern states to secede from the Union to form the Confederate States of America. The south felt out-numbered from partisan radical politics. The war between

Civil War Reconstruction

641 words - 3 pages AP American History The President versus Congress The President and congress both had different reconstruction plans for the south. These different arguments were based on different beliefs and different self interests. The President firmly believed on a soft-on-south reconstruction plan while congress believed that the south should be economically, socially, and politically reconstructed.      Both President

Industrialization After the Civil War

1804 words - 8 pages Assignment 1.2: Industrialization after the Civil War Final Paper Belinda Scott History 105: Spring 2014 Prof. Michael Smith Industrialization after the Civil War After the Civil War the United States became a much more industrialized society. Between 1865 in 1920 industrialization and proved American life in many ways. However industrialization also

Industrialization After The Civil War

1148 words - 5 pages Industrialization after the Civil War This period in our country made these changes due to increased efficiencies in the production of goods, the Government sponsored expedited completion of the transcontinental railroad provided people the ability to travel faster and more safely. We saw that our leadership in general was subject to corruption and also, our leaders had to take note of the plight of the working man and

Post Civil War Growing Pains

1454 words - 6 pages How would life be different if the South had won the civil war? The differences would be astounding. The North winning the Civil War was the beginning of many turning points for the United States of America. During the next 35 years, the period from Reconstruction through widespread industrialization in the Western United States, there were many major historical turning points that have made our lives what they are today. These turning points

Industrialization After the Civil War

1354 words - 6 pages societal standing amongst the rest of the world. Problems occurred during this time, but success was created and replicated onward years after. References Arrington, B. (2013, Dec 27). Industry and economy during the Civil War. Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/resources/story.htm?id=251 Gilder Lehrman Institute. (2009). History times: The Industrial Revolution. Retrieved from http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/gilded-age/essays/history-times-industrial-revolution Schultz, K. (2014). U.S. History since 1865 . (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 291-308). Mason, Ohio: Cengage Learning. http://www.ushistoryscene.com/uncategorized/secondindustrialrevolution/

Related Papers

Civil War Essay

843 words - 4 pages we are, and it opened us to being what we became, good and bad things. It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century. It was the crossroads of our being.” I feel Foote wrote this so people could understand that the Civil War was the event in history that has made us the nation that we are today. The Civil War has taught us a nation

Civil War Essay

761 words - 4 pages Civil War Ranked as the deadliest war in American history, the Civil War tore America apart and took the lives of atleast 600,000 citizens. The war sparked mostly from the dispute over the rights of individual states. It lasted from 1861 until General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia surrendered at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. The American Civil War could have swung in either direction, but many factors suggested that

Civil War Essay

2779 words - 12 pages . Families across the state had lost husbands, fathers, and sons. Nothing before and nothing afterwards would have such an impact on the state as did the Civil War. Larry H. Whiteaker, Tennessee Technological University Previously published in the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture (Tennessee Historical Society, 1998). Used with permission.

Russian Revolution Civil War Essay

623 words - 3 pages 'The Bolsheviks only won the Civil War because of violence and terror.' To what extent does this statement accurately for the reasons for Red victory? The Bolsheviks were victorious because they were a stronger, more cohesive team than those of the White Army. It can be argued that for any civil war to come toa definite end, one side must be decisively victorious. Since history can attest to the Bolsheviks’ victory, it can be argued that they