This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Civil War Reconstruction Essay

641 words - 3 pages

AP American History

The President versus Congress
The President and congress both had different reconstruction plans for the south. These different arguments were based on different beliefs and different self interests. The President firmly believed on a soft-on-south reconstruction plan while congress believed that the south should be economically, socially, and politically reconstructed.
     Both President Lincoln and President Johnson both believed that the war was fought over the succession of the south and because the north won, the south never actually succeeded. This resulted in their reconstruction plan to be very kind to the south. They required for each southern state to have 10 percent of their voters pledge allegiance to the union. This plan allowed for the southern Black Codes. These were instituted to keep the blacks as a cotton labor force as well as an inferior race. If the south followed this plan then they would be ...view middle of the document...

So, to solve all of these problems congress instituted the 14th Amendment. In this Amendment ex-slaves were made citizens, states could no longer deny eligible citizens the right to vote, those who rebelled no longer could hold office, and debts incurred in aid of rebellion are void. Congress used this Amendment to deprive many southerners of political power as well as to try and reform the south socially. Also, congress planned their harsh reconstruction with the Reconstruction Act. This act split the south into 5 military districts headed by a Union general. Also, 10s of thousands of Union solders were disfranchised. Finally full manhood suffrage was part of this act. Fearing that one day the congress would be democratically controlled congress also created the 15th Amendment to give suffrage for blacks. This Amendment as well as all of the acts congress committed above were all ways in which congress attempted to socially reform the south.
     The reconstruction plan for the President and the reconstruction plan for Congress resulted in the two of them becoming involved in a conflict with each other. This conflict first occurred when the President vetoed the Freedman’s Bureau and the Civil Rights Bill. Although, his veto failed this still angered many congress members. President Johnson continued to battle congress by vetoing nearly every act they made (The 14th Amendment, the Reconstruction Act, etc.). In fact he became known as Sir Veto by many Congress members. Although, President Johnson believed that he was in the right because congress was committing acts that went against the constitution. For instance, the Supreme Court had ruled in the Ex Parte Milligan case that military tribunals could not try civilians making the Reconstruction Act. The rivalry that existed between Congress and the President grew greater and greater as time passed.     
     Congress’s policy for reconstruction had many effects on the nation. It left the economy and society scarred for many years but their policies also developed many improvements for the southern blacks. Whether President Johnson or Congress had the better policy for the reconstruction of the south is an issue that is still argued today

Other Essays Like Civil War Reconstruction

U.S. Senator Essay

1351 words - 6 pages UNITED STATES SENATOR PAPER As a United States Senator during the Reconstruction Period, I’m writing this so that the future of America can realize that this period in history truly made an impact on United States of America. The Civil War was the bloodiest war that was fought on American Soil. Although both sides expected the conflicts to be over in just matter of days, it lasted for tumultuous years. From 1861’ to 1865’, the war pitted

American Reconstruction Essay

1005 words - 5 pages Reconstruction: 1863-1877 The Reconstruction began at the end of the Civil War, when Robert E. Lee’s men stacked their guns at Appomattox, the bloodiest war in American history ended. The south was defeated; they sustained both material and psychological wounds. By 1865 the south had lost much of its precious commodities, cotton and slaves were no longer measures of wealth and prestige. Retreating soldiers trying to prevent capture damaged

Principles of Management

666 words - 3 pages during the civil war. Reconstruction gave black Texans political/civil rights and opportunities like voting, jury duty, and appointive and elect office. Some freedmen were able to improve their economic and social status. Freedmen living in Beaumont worked in lumber or as laborers and wives as cooks and laundresses. Most freedmen in agricultural counties were sharecroppers or laborers, but 20% owned land by 1880. More than one third of families with children had at least one child in school.

America's Post Civil War Growing Pains

1252 words - 6 pages 1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877 as directed by the President with the reconstruction of state and society. Reconstruction was an era in the United States history after the Civil War, in which federal government set the conditions that would allow rebellious southern states back in the union. The ultimate goal of reconstruction was to readmit the south

Us History Reconstruction Period

858 words - 4 pages AP United States History By Jackie Cortes Summer Assignment 2013-14 The reconstruction era was a time that was approximately ten to twelve years long, it took place in the years 1865-1877; this era took place shortly after the civil war. This era held some of America’s most important events, as well as some of the most important people in the US history. On April 14th 1865, John Wilkes Booth assassinated president Abraham Lincoln

Chapter 17

714 words - 3 pages in the North and South led the federal government to abandon Reconstruction in the South? *Most of the Reconstruction was abandon by war. Racism was a huge factor in the south that put a hard affect on black rights. The Fifteenth Amendment took a major toll on Reconstruction also. It took away African Americans right to vote in the south. There were also factors that women were fighting for rights to vote. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was passed giving the right for transportation, public accommodations, places of amusement, and juries without any discrimination.

5 Short Essay

2153 words - 9 pages charge. WW1 saw the invention of the steel helmet, fighter aircraft, anti-aircraft guns, light automatic weapons, tanks, and flamethrowers. Warfare went from trench warfare to a mechanized fight with tanks and aircraft, and even chemical warfare. Discuss the success or failure of Reconstruction after the Civil War. What were differing ideas proposed – and who were the eventual winners and losers? Reconstruction had its success and its

Post Civil War

1824 words - 8 pages with excitement during the reconstruction period, efforts were made to resolve the ongoing political, social, and economical problems which arose from the admittance to the Union of the 11 allied states. This difficult period for the North and the South after the Civil War became very damaging to both economies. The emphasis of the reconstruction era was to eradicate the confederacy and to rebuild the southern culture, while focusing on

Gone with the Wind

518 words - 3 pages The book, Gone with the Wind, is the most historical and greatest love story of all time. It is the epic story of Scarlett O’Hara and Rhett Butler’s struggles through the Civil War and its aftermath. Reconstruction of the South and the no slaves law is hard on the community in witch Scarlett lives. Scarlett losses everything from her best friend to her parents’ and their land. Dealing with friendship, love, hate, and family makes you want to not

Short answer question on the American Civil War: Explain the 'total war' policy of General Ulysses S. Grant. Do you approve of this policy?

582 words - 3 pages General Ulysses S. Grant was of the Union Army in the Civil War. He had a policy knows as the 'total war' policy. He believed that when you have an enemy, you aren't only fighting against its army, but you are fighting against its society. He thought that killing the enemy's army isn't enough in a war. One should destroy all buildings and shops and plantations (for the Southern states). He wanted to destroy all the means by which the enemy could

America's Post-Civil War Growing Pains

925 words - 4 pages assassinated, the Reconstruction may have turned out differently. Many believe that Lincoln would have done more to help the economy of the southern states which would have helped heal the wounds from the war. African Americans would have also been treated differently. The black codes would have never came to pass and African Americans would have been afforded more freedom in the form of voting or holding office. A second historical turning

Related Papers

Civil War Reconstruction Essay

1874 words - 8 pages Democrats in order to negotiate acceptance of Hayes as President. The Democrats agreed not to block the president’s victory on the condition that Republicans withdraw all federal troops from the South, and as a result it reestablish democratic control over the region. As claimed before post-civil war reconstruction overall was a failure. The compromise of 1877 did not fully resolve issues of the economy or racial tensions. More importantly the

Compares The Civil War Reconstruction Plans Of Andrew Johnson, Abraham Lincoln, And The Congress Of The Time

955 words - 4 pages attention to the economic and social stability of the South. The Lincoln, Johnson, and Congressional plans for Civil War reconstruction all wanted to restore the Union, but they each differed in a few critical aspects.When the CSA was defeated, two questions arose. Are the formerly seceded states still a part of the Union, and who is responsible for the reconstruction of the country? Each plan answered these questions in its own way.Lincoln felt that

Reconstruction Essay

561 words - 3 pages The sharp knife stabbed into the heart of the recovery plan of post-Civil War America, who held the knife? Reconstruction, the fight for rights of freedmen, the rejoicing plan for the north and south, the plan for America to become whole again. Although both the North and South are to blame for the killing of the Reconstruction, the South is most to blame. Certainly the North neglecting the South took part in stabbing the Reconstruction but also

Reconstruction Act Essay

304 words - 2 pages . Some social developments that caused conflict were the Freedmen's Bureau, the Black Codes, and the Ku Klux Klan. It was a result of these developments that the Revolutions of the Civil War, Reconstruction, and the Redeemers would take place. The great change these revolutions brought about were vital in the development of this as human citizens. For instance, the KKK would burn black-owned buildings and murder freedman to them from exercising