In both East and South Asia, civilization developed along with the irrigation of great river systems. The Harappan civilization of the Indus River valley developed in the middle of the third millennium B.C.E. approximately at the same time as the river civilizations of the Middle East. Like Sumer, Harappa was unable to survive natural catastrophes and nomadic invasion and disintegrated as a civilization between 1500 and 1200 B.C.E. Unlike Harappa, which failed to serve as the core of a unified, successor civilization, Shang China spawned successors that endured for millennia.
The Discovery and Mystery of Harappa
Harappan civilization was discovered by British engineers ...view middle of the document...
C.E., one of these tribes, the Shang, established a kingdom that would provide the basis for Chinese civilization. Like the Aryans, the Shang began as warlike nomads
The Indus civilization's economy appears to have depended significantly on trade, which was facilitated by major advances in transport technology. These advances included bullock-driven carts that are identical to those seen throughout South Asia today, as well as boats. Most of these boats were probably small, flat-bottomed craft, perhaps driven by sail, similar to those one can see on the Indus River today; however, there is secondary evidence of sea-going craft. Archaeologists have discovered a massive, dredged canal ...
The city of Mohenjo-Daro possessed an amazing structure known as the Great Bath. The entire structure is about 179 feet long and 107 feet wide. The complex has a large quadrangle in the center with galleries and rooms on all sides
A special feature of the cities of the Indus Valley Civilization was the large granary that existed. As a structure it is particularly impressive, running 150 feet long, 75 feet wide and 15 feet high.
The people of the Indus Valley Civilization had achieved some spectacular standards when it came to building their cities. Each city was carefully planned and at the peak of the civilization housed almost 40,000 people. A typical city would be divided into two sections, each fortified separately. One section, known as the...