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Classical Conditioning Versus Operant Conditioning Changes On Behavior

643 words - 3 pages

Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning
Learning is the process through which experience causes permanent change in behavior or knowledge (Woolfolk,2007). Behavioral theorists view learning, as an event that occurs outside of the individual that cause a change in behavior, the result of this change is learning. Two major behaviorist views of learning are Operant and Classical Conditioning. Classical Conditioning is the association of automatic responses with new stimuli. Operant Conditioning is learning in which voluntary behavior is strengthened or weakened by consequences or antecedents (Woolfolk,2007)
Discovered in the 1920’s by Ivan Pavlov, classical conditioning the ...view middle of the document...

The sound of the tuning for became the conditioned stimulus and the salivation became the conditioned response. Extinction results if there is a decrease in frequency or strength of a learned response due to the failure to continue to pair the unconditioned stimulus and the unconditioned response. (Woolfolk,2007)
In the 1950’s BF Skinner developed the theory that behavior is strengthened and weakened by consequences and antecedents. (Woolfolk,2007) Skinner believed that if there was a behavior that one wanted strengthened, then after the behavior was displayed a reinforcement, the use of consequences to strengthen a behavior, should be given to strengthen the behavior. (Woolfolk,2007) There are two types of reinforcement, positive reinforcement is strengthening a behavior by presenting a desired stimulus after the behavior, negative reinforcement is strengthening a behavior by removing an aversive stimulus when the behavior occurs. Adversely, if there was a behavior that one wanted weakened, then after the behavior was displayed one should administer a punishment,...

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