Cleopatra VII Philopator was a striking and well-witted pharaoh of vast ancient Egypt. One of the six women rulers of Egypt, she led the country well and gained powerful alliances with Mark Antony and Julius Caesar, who were in fact two of her four spouses. Egypt was prosperous and thriving under her reign. Cleopatra VII was known to history for her voluptuous beauty, outrageous affairs, and- most memorably- being the last pharaoh of ancient Egypt.
Cleopatra was born Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator to King Ptolemy XII Auletes and Cleopatra V Tryphaena sometime in October of 69 BC. She had several brothers and sisters, including Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy XIV, both of which she married ...view middle of the document...
During Caesar’s stay in Egypt from the years 47 to 48 BC, Cleopatra, presently twenty-one, and Caesar, presently fifty-two, portrayed themselves as lovers. Following Caesar’s assassination and Ptolemy XIV’s alleged poisoning, Cleopatra proclaimed Caesarion her official co-regent and successor of Egypt.
In 41 BC, Mark Antony requested Cleopatra’s presence, and it resulted in her charming him so that he chose to stay in Alexandria throughout that winter. On December 25, 40 BC, Cleopatra gave birth to twins fathered by Antony, Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene II. Four years later, Antony returned to Alexandria and married Cleopatra, producing in yet another child, Ptolemy Philadelphus.
Subsequent to Antony’s conquest of Armenia, Cleopatra and Caesarion took the claim to Egypt’s unoccupied throne in late 34 BC. The relationship between Mark Antony and his nephew, Octavian, grew more and more corrupting until things blew up entirely. The Battle of Actium took place, and Antony’s forces deserted Octavian’s army as of August 1, 30 BC, in which Antony ended up committing suicide.
Prior to hearing of Antony’s death, Cleopatra followed his suit and took her own life. Exactly how she committed suicide is not truly known, however, it is theorized that she was either bitten by an Egyptian cobra or an asp on the breast. Plutarch stated, “Upon opening the doors, they saw her stone-dead, lying upon a bed of gold, set out in all her royal ornaments”...