Clientelism has once again become an important area of study for political and social science as lately it has had resurgence in the last few decades and now. The definition of the term "Clientelism" is subject to debate as it has changed with each civilization. However in current Clientelism has key characteristics’, first being its dyadic.
First is dyadic this is an agreement or relationship between two people. The two parties having the relationship are the client and patron in the Clientelism agreement. This relationship is such that a patron is seen as the one in control of resources and is the one in control. These resources that the patron has are made available to the client when ...view middle of the document...
This is still the case with current Clientelism as now the son or daughter tends to inherit companies and previous business deals. This means that the current clientelisic relationship gets transferred to the offspring as it is inherited. Also the patron and client know each other. This relationship also means that you know who you are dealing with instead of blind deals where the patron of the deal is anonymous. The client is fully aware of who the patron is even if the relationship is through technological means.
Fourthly, the relationship is reciprocal. This meaning the patron and client exchange goods of some kind whether they are immaterial or not. Also this exchange is mostly for monetary gains.
Lastly, the relationship is voluntary. This is subject to the fact that these relationships are usually voluntarily entered but due to tough exit conditions the maintaining the relationship may not be entirely voluntary. However these can be akin to restrictions on credit cards and people voluntarily leave these arrangements under strict penalties.
Studying Clientelism at the moment has three major views or ways to look at it, traditional, quantitative cross-country comparisons, and surreys. These areas each have their own faults and benefits.
In the traditional way one can conduct case studies and gather information about a specific set of variables and once gathered extrapolation outside the study is impossible as the study is based with factors like location and only pertains to that area where the study took place and inside...