Cloning Essay

1683 words - 7 pages

In many controversial topics around the world, such as abortion, gun control, legalized drugs, the death penalty, and cloning (to name a few), we can find differing positions, and opinions. Many of these arguments, can be narrowed down to two different views, or constructs: individualistic and communitarian (an image of collectivism). An individualistic viewpoint 'stresses the rights of the individual as a unique being' (class review). A communitarian viewpoint is more concerned with the good for the greatest number, 'even if an individual must suffer or sacrifice' (class review). These different elements do not necessarily label the people as opposed to, or in favor of the topic here. They ...view middle of the document...

In a form of expressive individualism, Tom Buckowski, from Studio City, California said, 'It's my body, my choice, right? But what if I want my body cloned and warehoused for spare parts? Upon what basis can government decide what I can or cannot do with my body?'(Los Angeles Times, 3/07/1997). In both examples, the predominant voice is that of the first language of individualism. The first language refers to the 'individualistic mode that is the dominant American form of discourse about moral, social, and political matters' (Bellah et al, Habits of the Heart, pg.334).Anita Manning, a writer for USA TODAY revealed another individualistic argument in favor of cloning. In her article 'Pressing a 'right' to clone humans,' Manning interviews a group of gay activists, who see 'breakthroughs in animal cloning technology as a path toward same-sex reproduction.' With their argument of genetic determinism, many individuals state that now that the technology is available, its use is inevitable. Randolfe Wicker, a New York businessperson, founded the Clone Rights United Front after reports of the successful cloning. He said 'we're fighting for research . . . and we're defending people's reproductive rights.' These examples show a very individualistic language use in favor of cloning, ironically many people who fight for the rights of individuals, form collectives to do so.In his Tuesday, February 25, 1997 article Should We Fear Dolly? James K. Glassman, a writer for the Washington post has more of a 'republican' voice when discussing his favorable views on cloning. A republican voice, or second language is one that sees the benefits for society as a whole, over the consideration of the individual, though not exclusively. He points out 'treatments to cure human diseases,' and the ability to produce organs for transplanting as benefits for all of society. Also, with a deterministic voice, he points out that while cloning people is against the law in other countries, it is not in the United States. He said 'I don't think it should be --certainly not at this stage . . . Trying to stop intellectual progress, in any form, is a terrible mistake.' Furthermore, 'the technology is not, in principle, policeable. In other words, you couldn't really stop research on human cloning if you wanted to.' Glassman's language is distinctively more communitarian than my previous examples, though they all favor the technique of cloning.Most of the 'scientific community' (a collective) favors the cloning of animals. Many, including Dr. Wilmut, argue that the potential for medical and scientific advances to be enormous. He said any rush to judgement could 'lead to overly restrictive limits on related but less controversial areas of research' (The Washington Post, Technique's Use With Humans Is Feared, By Rick Weiss, Monday, February 24, 1997). With an appeal to higher authority Dr. Wilmut, and other supporting scientists argue that society as a whole can benefit from the...

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