Name: Matthew Heneghan
Student ID Number: G00285881
Title: Field Trip Report
Clonmacnoise was founded in the sixth century in the year 547 or 548 AD. Clonmacnoise is situated at the heart of the Irish midlands. People have been visiting the monastery for 1500 years. The monastery was founded by Saint Ciaran who came to Clonmacnoise to seek peace there. Clonmacnoise is situated beside the River Shannon and the Esker Riada. Ciaran first settled in Lough Ree but he then met Prince Diarmuit who helped Ciaran start building Clonmacnoise. The main reason why Ciaran chose Clonmacnoise was because of the location. It was situated on a major trade route. Ciaran started off his ...view middle of the document...
Manuscripts such as the “Annals of Tighernach” and the “Book of the Dun Cow” were written in Clonmacnoise. Half way through the 15th century the English Garrison at Athlone brought it to ruin, with the soldiers taking most of the valuables with them. Athlone was the downfall of Clonmacnoise. It had bridges and became centre of trade instead of Clonmacnoise. The monastery had a slow decline. However it was still used as a burial ground. There was a Norman castle built to the west off Clonmacnoise in 1212. There are still ruins of the castle there today.
History and Heritage are presented very well at Clonmacnoise. As you enter the site you firstly tour the monastic site with a guided tour of the churches, high crosses and round towers. We first watched a 20 minute visual introduction on screen telling the story of Clonmacnoise. As i started the tour of the site itself the first thing i was introduced to was the Cross of the scriptures. This was a high cross which was situated just as you entered the grounds of Clonmacnoise itself. The cross had designs on the front and rear. The tour guide John told us about each design and who was in the design. John next described the Round Tower to the left of the high cross. He explained how the people watched out in the tower to see if enemies were coming up the Shannon on boats. If they...