Cocoa Production Essay

2558 words - 11 pages

1. Introduction 3
2. Overview of Ivory Coast 4
3. Cocoa production 5
3.1. How to have good quality cocoa beans? 5
3.2. The different actors of the cocoa sector 6
4. Analysis of the supply chain from the producer to the consumers and suggested solutions 11
4.1. Analysis of the supply chain from the producer to the consumers 11
4.2. Suggested solutions 11
5. Conclusions 12
6. Sources 13
7. Appendix 14

1. Introduction.

Currently, the term logistics was actively used in economic activity. Also people started to use term logistics in agricultural activity and farming.

Logistics is ...view middle of the document...

There are many different flows in agricultural field. But how it works with cocoa? Below you will see the features of cocoa production, phases of the work and key actors of the cocoa sector. Also I will make an analysis of supply chain and find proper solutions.

2. Overview of Ivory Coast.

Ivory Coast has an area of 322,462 square kilometers, and borders the countries Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana; its southern boundary is along the Gulf of Guinea. The country's population is 20,617,068 in 2009. It is a secular state with over 60 ethnics; its capital is Yamoussoukro, Abidjan being the economic capital.

Independent since august 7th, 1960, Ivory Coast is located in West Africa, limited on the north by Mali and Burkina Faso, on south by gulf of Guinea, on east by Ghana and on the west by Guinea and Liberia.

Through production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse during the 1960s and 1970s in West Africa. However, Côte d'Ivoire went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, leading to the country's period of political and social turmoil. The 21st century Ivoirian economy is largely market-based and relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash crop production being dominant.

3. Cocoa production.

From Belem, Brazil, after having passed through the small Island of Sao Tome, followed by Ghana, cocoa arrived at the end of the 19th century in Ivory Coast. Cocoa grows in the forest zone throughout the country (south west) with outlets to the ports of Abidjan and the south of San-Pédro (west).

In 1908, cocoa’s culture became mandatory. Today, more than one million small farmers owning a little less than 5 hectares have hoisted the Ivory Coast to the rank of 1st world producer with 40% of production. Thanks to its softness, low acidity and traditional chocolate aroma, cocoa from Ivory Coast is very widely used by industries worldwide.

But how can mastering the supply chain of cocoa be an element of competitiveness?
For this, we'll see how to get good quality cocoa beans, then the different actors of this sector, and finally we will analyze this chain and offer solutions.

3.1. How to have good quality cocoa beans?

Having good quality cocoa beans go through five very important and strict phases, and very specific conditions to be met.
These phases are harvesting, pod breaking, fermentation, drying and storage.

a) Harvesting
This phase is very important because it affect the future.
Indeed, the cocoa pods must be harvested three quarts yellow. Maturation should be avoided because it leads to the germination of beans that reduce their quality.

b) Pod breaking
The pod breaking, as its name says, consists in to breaking the cocoa pods to extract the beans. This phase should be done during the six days following the collecting.
The pods are first broken transversely, and then you have to extract the beans.


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