Cold War Research Paper: Cuba
World War Two left the world devastation, or a “power vacuum”, into which emerged two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, in what became known as the Cold War. World War Two’s end came with celebration in both these countries at home, where family’s were again united and bloodshed finally came to a halt, but this celebration was short-lived due to these countries inability to cooperate in peacemaking. The question lay unanswered on what would be done with Eastern Europe. With two different political and economic structures, these world powers became immediate enemies, which created a dividing line where the Eastern world would be communist ...view middle of the document...
Fidel Castro led this nation’s communist government and this country became a communist battleground. Conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union was inflamed by the Cuban missile crisis in 1962. Documents given by the event are President John F. Kennedy’s Letter to Soviet Chairman Nikita Khrushchev (1962), President Kennedy’s speech announcing the quarantine against Cuba (1962), and Chairman Khrushchev’s response to President Kennedy (1962).
United States President John F. Kennedy’s first priority was to maintain security for the nation. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the nation came to war in the 40+ cold war years. The CIA detected Russian installation of missiles in Cuba, which is in very close proximity to the United States. This posed a serious threat to the safety of the United States citizenry. Kennedy therefore acts diplomatically to end the threat through negotiations with Khrushchev. President Kennedy’s aspirations to reach peace without warfare are seen in his letter to Khrushchev on October 22, 1962.
In the letter, Kennedy epitomizes his efforts to allow both ideological governments to exist. He informs Khrushchev how grave a decision it would be to ever launch the missiles, as it would be a “catastrophic consequence to the whole world, including the aggressor.” He then announces his commitment to having peace with these two competing government forms, as he will ensure that a balance of power should remain. President Kennedy tells of his actions in the Berlin Crisis, and how he is not attacking communism, but instead instilling a “balance of power” for the entire world.
On the same date of sending Chairman Khrushchev this informative letter, President Kennedy also gave sight of the situation to the public of the United States. Kennedy’s speech incorporated his assurance of protection, yet placid fear of the missiles in Cuba. At this point, the Soviet threat to the United States could severely jeopardize the country as a whole, obligating its leader to fairly notify its people. President Kennedy’s speech announcing the quarantine against Cuba was broadcasted to the entire United States on the evening of October 22nd 1962.
In his speech, President Kennedy provides as much knowledge possible of the scenario while still maintaining comfort to the American public. The speech announces the quarantine against Cuba and the United States plans to mend the conflicts. Kennedy states that the missiles...