New Hampshire was founded in 1623 by John Mason, it was a planned colony. It derives its name from the Hampshire County in England, and was first applied to the territory in 1629, in honor of Captain John Mason, Governor of Portsmouth, in Hampshire, England. New Hampshire one of the thirteen colonies are grouped, according to the form of government, into three classes the Charter, the Royal, and the Proprietary but recently criticism has reduced these three forms to two, the Corporation and the Provincial. The corporation was identical with the charter form, and at the opening of the Revolution there were but three, including Massachusetts the other two being Rhode Island and Connecticut. The provincial forms included the proprietary colonies, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, and the royal colonies, Virginia, the Carolinas, New Hampshire, New ...view middle of the document...
One of these divisions, under Thomson, settled near the riverâ€™s mouth at a place they called Little Harbor or "Pannaway", now the town of Rye, where they erected salt-drying fish racks and a "factory" or stone house. The other division under the Hilton brothers set up their fishing stages on a neck of land eight miles above, which they called Northam, afterwards named Dover. Captain Mason died in 1635, just before his proposed trip to the new country which he never saw. He had invested more than twenty-two thousand pounds in clearing the land, building houses, and preparing for its defense, - a considerable fortune for those days. By then Dover and Portsmouth had expanded into Hampton and Exeter, and its income from fishing was increased by that from trade in furs and timber.
In 1641, the settlements of New Hampshire formed a coalition with Massachusetts. In 1680, however, by the kingâ€™s orders the territory was separated from that colony, and constituted a royal province, there after to be governed by a president and council, appointed by the crown, with a house of representatives elected by the people. No change of land titles was effected.
The first legislative assembly under this royal charter was held in March 1680. The royal charter was to legitimize the first legislative assembly. It consisted of eleven members. A declaration within their original code of laws was offensive to the king, indicating, as he thought, an unwarrantable spirit of independence. 'No act, imposition, law, or ordinance,' the declaration stated, 'shall be imposed upon the inhabitants of the province, but such as shall be made by the assembly, and approved by the president and council.' This is believed to have passed twelve years before a similar enactment in Massachusetts. Thus, early did a spirit of liberty and independence germinate among the granite hills of New Hampshire, and give promise of fruit which came to full maturity 95 years later.