Colonial Comparison Essay

1093 words - 5 pages

Compare and Contrast
America has always been a land of diversity but also a land of unity. This statement also applied to the first English settlements that were established here in North America. In the beginning years of America, the colonies could be divided into three regional areas: New England colonies, middle colonies and the southern colonies. Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island comprised the northern colonies; New York, Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania made up the middle colonies; and Virginia, Maryland, Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia composed the southern colonies. These three colonial areas had both similarities and differences that will ...view middle of the document...

This in turn allowed farmers to offer such fine agricultural and tobacco products to the global trade system which the colonies relied on. However all these goods that came and went across the world was mainly produced by indentured servants or enslaved Africans and African Americans.

The three regions of colonies; the New England, middle and southern colonies heavily relied on slavery, and indentured servants to help promote and continue the economic growth of the colonies and eventually America. Indentured servants were “young men and women, usually unemployed and poor, who were given free passage to America, plus basic needs such as food, shelter and clothing, in exchange for labor, usually four to seven years” (Norton 41). These were laborers that were in high demand due to the quick growing economic scene in the colonies. African’s and African slaves were considered property and used as laborers for especially in the southern and middle colonies on plantations and farms. Although slaves would cost more than indentured servants, they were still more valuable because they become property of the owner till they died. The colonists established a sense of racial and cultural superiority to slaves that resulted in the evolution and creation of racism; that is still a heavily debated and problematic issue that still afflicts our great nation today.

The three regions of colonies all had very comparable similarities, as they were all democratic; however they ran their democratic government in different ways. The Middle Colonies felt that they needed their government to be separated from their church. The New England Colonies, however were quite opposite from the middle colonies because they functioned their government on a system in which priests ruled in the name of God or a god, which means the church, controlled the government. However all of these regions still were largely dependent of England.

The Southern Colonies were the least concerned with government since the southern colonies mainly comprised of a small group of people having a firm control over the region. This meant that the wealthy plantation owners controlled the government because they were the only people who could afford to pay for all their own expenses. Even though the three colonies were all self-ruled, they all had distinguishing features. Politics in the colonies varied as much as...

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