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Comercio Internacional Peru Essay

1553 words - 7 pages

1. Introducción
El comercio internacional ocupa un lugar prominente en la economía del país como generador de divisas, ingresos y empleo. En los últimos doce años las exportaciones peruanas de bienes se han triplicado, representando en el 2011 el 25% del PBI. Este dinamismo de las exportaciones se demuestra cuando sobrepasan a las importaciones, convirtiendo una balanza comercial de bienes deficitaria en una superavitaria desde principios de este siglo.
Sin embargo, aún a pesar del gran crecimiento de las exportaciones en los últimos años,metales y minerales, por ejemplo, continúan siendolos principales productos de exportación, los cuales no tienen un efecto multiplicador en la economía ...view middle of the document...

El estado peruano en los últimos diez años ha orientado políticas externas hacia el objetivo y ha designado al Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo (MINICETUR) como órgano encargado de las negociaciones internacionales. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la situación actual del comercio internacional y de las políticas comerciales en los últimos años, resultando los beneficios y sus limitantes de los acuerdos comerciales así como las estrategias implementadas en el gobierno peruano.
Las exportaciones de bienes de Perú, medidas en dólares americanos se han triplicado entre 1995 y 2012, sin embargo este incremento no es uniforme entre los años 2000 y 2008 las exportaciones mostraron su mayor dinamismo pues aumentaron en 128%, este incremento de las exportaciones se debe al entorno económico internacional, caracterizado por una fuerte demanda de nuestros productos a raíz del crecimiento económico de sus principales socios.

De acuerdo con este cuadro los productos con mayor participación total de exportaciones, 64% proviene de los sectores extractivos con valor agregado muy bajo. Tejidos de punto de algodón y preparaciones de hortalizas frutas y otros, incluyendo productos con mayor valor agregado pero su participación es limitada.
Exportaciones por producto y socio comercial de acuerdo a su participación en el monto de exportación por capítulo, 1995-2013:
Perlas naturales o cultivadas, metales preciosos, bisutería y moneda | 22% | Suiza Estados UnidosReino UnidoCanadá Brasil | 33%28%24%7%2% |
Minerales metalíferos, escorias y cenizas. | 16% | China JapónCanadáChile Brasil | 18%13%7%7%6% |
Cobre y sus manufacturas | 12% | Estados UnidosItalia BrasilHolandaReino Unido | 37%12%7%6%6% |
Alimentos preparados para animales. | 9% | China Alemania Japón Indonesia Canadá | 32%10%8%2%2% |
Combustibles minerales, aceites minerales y productos de su destilación. | 6% | Estados UnidosVenezuela AlemaniaEspañaHolanda | 20%5%4%3%2% |
Prendas y complementos (Accesorios), de vestir, de punto. | 6% | Estados Unidos VenezuelaAlemaniaEspañaHolanda | 67%7%7%3%2% |
Pescado, crustáceo, molusco y demás invertebrados acuáticos | 3% | EE.UU.EspañaJapónFranciaAlemania | 20%14%10%10%7% |
Café, té, yerba mate y especias. | 3% | AlemaniaEE.UU.BélgicaEspañaHolanda | 31%30%6%5%4% |
Preparaciones de hortalizas, frutas u otros frutos o demás partes de plantas | 2% | EspañaEE.UU.FranceHolandaAlemania | 38%15%11%8%2% |
Zinc y sus manufacturas | 2% | EE.UU.ColombiaVenezuelaBrasilJapón | 20%12%8%8%7% |
Total acumulado | 81% | | |

17 países conforman el mercado para el 86% de las exportaciones peruanas en el periodo 2000- 2012 lo cual podemos apreciar en la siguiente tabla de una mejor forma:
| País | 2000 – 2013 | Exportaciones acumuladas |
1234567891011121314151617 | Estados...

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