Comm 112 Wk 1 Essay

1100 words - 5 pages

Research Process Questionnaire

1. What is research and its purpose in academic writing? What qualifies as effective research?
Research is the gathering of information from credible sources in order to learn, discuss, or write about a specific topic. The purpose of research in academic writing is to ensure that there are both supporting and disproving facts for the topic to strengthen the opinion of the paper and to address any differing opinions. Another reason research is important to academic writing is to discover what is already known and find what can be learned from others. In order for research to qualify as effective research it must come from a reliable source such as a ...view middle of the document...

A proposal can be used to predict consequences. A causal argument must show that because of a certain situation, problems or issues were created. Comparison, when used in research writing, means to look at two or more subjects and find the similarities and differences. When writing a comparison, analogies are often used as well. An analogy is a figurative comparison rather than a literal one. Precedence is a well-established set of standards. To use it in research writing, the writer must find and use past examples that show the effect of the topic. Implications are the summary of what was discovered throughout the research.

3. What are the differences between primary and secondary research?
Primary research is any type of research done by the researcher. Primary research can be surveys, experiments, interviews, observations, personal experiences, and participation. Secondary research is research data collected from other sources and used to formulate or strengthen an opinion or argument. Secondary research relies solely on the work of others and requires that all data collected be summarized, verified, and combined to form one complete and united view. The difference between primary and secondary research is that primary research requires an active role in all aspects of data collection, while secondary research requires an analysis and summarization of existing works.
4. What are the main differences between intentional and unintentional plagiarism?
Plagiarism is the act of using someone else’s work or ideas and claiming them as your own. If a person deliberately takes sentences, phrases, ideas, research, or images and attempts to claim them as their own, they are guilty of intentional plagiarism. However, if the person does not acknowledge the use of another’s approach, ideas, image, or research they are guilty of unintentional plagiarism. Unintentional plagiarism can be avoided by simply citing the author of the source material, using quotation marks on any quoted words or phrases, paraphrasing a source while still citing the source either before or after the paraphrase, using in-text citations appropriate for the format being used, and completing a works cited or reference page.

5. Investigate the research writing tools available to you through the Center for Writing Excellence and the University Library. How can these tools help you in your research...

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