Communicable Disease Paper
November 1, 2010
Communicable Disease Paper
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that affects the genitals and also the urinary tract. It spreads very easily through sexual contact and is a very common communicable sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Chlamydia occurs most frequently in teenagers and young adults. Although chlamydia is easily detected and can be cured with antibiotics, it still continues to cause many cases of infertility in women unaware they have contracted the disease until years later (Deland, 2010).
Deland (2010) also states that when chlamydia is left untreated it can ...view middle of the document...
Finally, these infections are treatable but if left untreated can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Chlamydia is a major cause of infertility, which can be preventable and effective prevention interventions are not being used. Health care providers think that the reason for low screening is lack of information about the disease in their communities; patients do not believe that they are at risk, and providers know that they cannot offer services to adolescents in confidence. Adolescents and young adults do not believe that chlamydia is of medical urgency and it can be treated easily.
Programs in the community may have some effect but they probably can do better by increasing awareness, partner treatment, and screening, and reaching disproportionately affected populations (MDwise Hoosier Alliance website, 2009).
Some risk factors that may contribute to the development of chlamydia is a person who is sexually active. Also if the number of sex partners is greater than the risk of infection is also greater. According to the WebMD website (2009), there are other risk factors that contribute to the development of chlamydia.
These risk factors include hygiene – douching will increase the risk of chlamydia; medical history – women or men who have had previous episodes of STDs are more likely to be diagnosed with chlamydia than those without. Also women diagnosed with PID are more likely to contract chlamydia; age - being under age 25 puts women and men at greater risk of developing chlamydia; sexual practices – women or men with multiple sex partners are at a greater risk of contracting chlamydia. Because chlamydia can be transmitted by oral or anal sex, men who have sex with men are also at risk for chlamydia infections.
Influence of Lifestyles
American Social Health Association website (1999-2010) states that after abstinence, the best protection against any type of sexually transmitted disease is a latex condom. However, it doesn't provide 100% protection against STDs, only abstinence does. If a condom is used it must be used properly. Human error causes more condom failures than manufacturing errors. A new condom should always be used with each sexual act (including oral sex).
No test screens for all STDs. Some require a vaginal exam and Pap smear; others a blood or urine test. A negative test does not always ensure that there is not an infection. An individual should still ask a health care provider regularly to test for STDs if the woman or man is sexually active in a non-monogamous relationship.
Influence of Socioeconomic status
When an individual contacts a chlamydia infection, he or she may feel shame and fear. The stigma associated with STDs may influence whether a patient will disclose his or her sexual behaviors to health care providers. A person might also believe that he or she will be judged or condemned.
There might also be a limited...