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Communicable Diseases Essay

1013 words - 5 pages

Communicable Diseases
Jodi L. Smith
HCS 457
June 4, 2012
Ms. Sally Kohls

Communicable Diseases
A communicable disease is an illness that is transmitted through contact of microorganisms. People, animals, and foods are all carriers of microorganisms that can pass an infectious illness from one host to another. A simple touch or exchange of fluids can be all it takes to spread a disease from one individual to another. There are several relevant communicable diseases in America today. In 1993, one communicable disease became more prevalent in today’s culture. The outbreak of the human immunodeficiency virus infection/ Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) has impacted many ...view middle of the document...

Within the CDC is a division known as the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP). This division focuses on national leadership and support for HI. Through prevention research, development, implementation, and evaluation of programs the DHAP manages strategies to prevent, treat, and eliminate HIV/AIDS (Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).
There are many environmental factors that contribute to the HIV/AIDS outbreak. Culture, poverty, and location appear to play an essential role. The environment in which one lives can determine the education and exposure to the HIV/AIDS virus (Alfsen, 2004).
Lifestyle has the greatest influence on the management of HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS is primarily transmitted through sexual intercourse. The majority of HIV infections are acquired through unprotected sexual relations where one partner has HIV. In the United States, as of 2009, most sexual transmission occurred in men who have sex with men with this population account for 64% of all new cases. Since the epidemic began, more than 80,000 persons with AIDS, infected through heterosexual sex, have died, including an estimated 4,434 in 2009. Although sexual intercourse is the most common transmission, injection drug users are also a factor. Since the epidemic began, more than 175,000 injection drug users with AIDS have died including an estimated 4,759 in 2009 (Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).
There are several gaps within the disease management of HIV/AIDS. Funding for research, price of medications for infected individuals, and language barriers are all gaps within management. There is no known cure for HIV/AIDS as of yet, but many medications have been developed to control the symptoms and prolong life. Funding for research is still very much needed. The price for medication is also a contributing factor. Many treatments involve multiple medications known as a cocktail. An HIV/AIDS infected person will need to take medication for the remainder of their life. Many individuals do not have health insurance and cannot afford the medication. There are many organizations that hold...

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