Communication and Technology
September 9, 2013
Communication and Technology
Specialized databases in the criminal justice system
According to "History of Fingerprints" (n.d.), in 1901, Sir Edward Henry, an Inspector General of Police in Bengal, India, develops the first system of classifying fingerprints. This system of classifying fingerprints was first adopted as the official system in England, and eventually spread throughout the world. Since then there has been an enormous leap forward on the process used for identifying a person through finger prints.
The process went from a lengthy detail examination of a finger print under a magnifying ...view middle of the document...
MDTs were place on patrol vehicles during this period. At first, only small text messages were transmitted.
MDTs have been adopted by most police agencies nationwide and through the use of Internet and modern computers any type of information is accessible, making easier for officers to determine who the interviewed is, and if he or she has anything pending with the law (Jerrad. 2010).
Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS)
The Automated Fingerprint Identification System provides the opportunity to search unidentified fingerprints and palm prints developed in cases in which the subject is unknown and to identify a subject whose true identity is in question. There are three separate systems that work under the same concept and are widely use throughout the country (AFIS. n.d.).
• The Secret Service Automated Fingerprint and Palm Print Identification System (AFIS)
• FBI's Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS)
• National Capital Region Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NCRAFIS)
The automated databases are populated by fingerprints and palm print records scanned electronically by live-scan booking stations or taken with black printer's ink. The databases reveal any derogatory information associated to the fingerprints taken (AFIS. n.d.).
Live-scan is a system that electronically captures fingerprints and palm prints without using black fingerprint ink. The live-scan technology will provide a clean digitized scan of the fingerprints and palm prints that will be electronically transmitted to the FBI’s Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) for an automated search against over 47,000,000 criminal fingerprint records (Live Scan. n.d.).
According to the Facial Recognition website (n.d.), this system is critical to protect national security as it quickly identifies people through iris and face recognition. It facilitates screening of people at airports and other locations. An operator captures the iris and facial images of an individual for matching with previously captured images or, if there is no match, for storing in a database for future reference. If the image matches up with another, relevant information of the individual fingerprints, criminal history, active warrants,...