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Compare And Contrast The Approach Taken By Researchers In Two Of The Papers You Have Read In Units 1 4

1703 words - 7 pages

OPTION 1 – COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE APPROACH TAKEN BY RESEARCHERS IN TWO OF THE PAPERS YOU HAVE READ IN UNITS 1- 4.

The two papers that I have chosen to compare for this assignment are the research paper by Elizabeth Coates and the paper by Aldgate and Bradley in The Reality of Research with Children and Young People Edited by Lewis et al . The paper by Coates involves the observation of children in nursery and reception classes whilst they drew pictures. The paper by Aldgate and Bradley involved the interviewing of children and their families as to their experiences of being in short term foster care (accommodation). Clearly the main difference between the two ...view middle of the document...

The school settings chosen all had free drawing and writing areas where children could come and go freely. Because of the casual and free nature of the sessions Coates had no choice over which children she could observe she merely had a choice from those who chose to participate in activities in the drawing area. In order to minimise disruption to the setting Coates decided to make notes rather than use video or audio recordings. Coates decided on a qualitative method, principally because there was such a small sample. In consideration of the ethical issues of involving children in her research Coates’ use of note taking as opposed to videoing made it easier to ensure that the children maintained their anonymity, she sought permission to both keep the drawings and to show them to other people from the children in general conversation.
In their research Aldgate and Bradley used interviews to collect data interviews are one of the main data collection tools in qualitative research. Interviews enable researchers to access people’s perception of situations. Patten (1980) cited in (Introduction to Social Research. Punch pg 175) distinguishes three main types of interview, the general interview; the informal conversational interview guide approach and the standardised open-ended interview. Generally interviews are either structured with the respondent being offered a selection of pre-established questions, unstructured interviews involve asking the respondent non-standardised open-ended in depth questions. Focus groups or group interviews involves the researcher working with several people simultaneously, rather than an individual. Aldgate and Bradley research was designed to assess the success of short-term fostering care placements in preventing family breakdown. The ethical issues involved in this research were particularly difficult because of the interviewing of children. Permission was needed from parents to interview their children and it was ensured that the children were never pressured to respond and that the children knew that they were free to end the interview at any point. The researchers had to consider whether it would be better to interview children alone or with their parents present. In the research most children were seen separately from their parents, but each family made its own decision on this point. The methods of collecting data from interviews can vary, for example, video or audio recordings can be made, note can be taken by the interviewer or questionnaires can be used. Aldgate and Bradley opted for a multi-method approach using both qualitative and quantitative data
Although there are many differences between the two research papers, there are also comparisons which can be made between them. The first comparison that can be made is that both sets of researchers used qualitative methods as part of their research. Coates used qualitative methods exclusively because of the small sample of her...

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