This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Compare And Contrast Two Social Science Views About The Ordering Of Social Life

1595 words - 7 pages

Compare and contrast two social science views about the ordering of social life.

The way in which individuals form and maintain social lives with others and with the things around them is founded by social ordering; a concept defined as a set of linked social structures, social institutions and social practices which conserve, maintain and enforce ways of relating and behaving (Wikipedia, accessed on 25th June 2014). This essay will compare and contrast the theories of social ordering suggested by Goffman and Foucault, comparing and contrasting the different concepts of how social order is produced, reproduced and maintained. Both theorists are interested in the links between the ...view middle of the document...

2009, p. 172). Social interaction and individual behaviour differs with changes in context and the way in which individuals perform and interpret roles involves the use of interactional processes such as body language, eye contact and the use of language to construct social order through rituals and repetitive practices used in everyday activities by people as they live their life. When disorder arises in society order is repaired and reproduced through processes of social interaction, which lead to innovations in the order of social life and creates social change. Goffman gathered evidence to support his claims by involving himself as a participant observer in different social situations in order to explore social interactions create social order. His analysis focused on the micro-social √ (orders of interaction in individuals) with no concern for how interactional order is authorised. In contrast to Goffman's views, Michael Focault's analysis of social ordering focuses on authority, knowledge, power and discourses within orders of interaction and the historical dimension of social order (Silva, 2009, p. 319).

In contrast to Goffman, Focault focuses very little on human interaction in his theory of social order. Focault claims that the way in which society behaves is shaped by authority, in particular authorities used in social and political institutions, and that social order is produced through the power of knowledge and discourse. In contrast to Goffman, Focault believes that power and the knowledge of experts work in subtle ways through discourse to provide a framework that shape the attitude and provide norms for the way to behave in society. Whereas Goffman's analysis focused very much on the individual in his concepts, Foucault sees the individual as socially constituted, whereby the way in which social life in constructed is through discourses. These discourses are historically and socially specific and Focault's analysis focuses particularly on the history of social order and by whom interactions are authorised (Silva, 2009, p. 320). There is huge contrast between how Goffman and Focault view the individual. Whereas Goffman views the individual as a self aware and coherent being able to be in control their own life, Focault views the individual as having very little control over how they live their life, with everything they do having been shaped by historical processes and those in power or authority. According to Focault, there are three different types of power exercised over society. The first is sovereign power, whereby authorities of society, such as the monarch or a political authority, enforce their power with their ability to punish those who do not behave accordingly. The second is the power of surveillance, enforced by society knowing they could be seen, which would influence people through internalised disciplines to behave the way in which they perceived as normal. Thirdly, the power of liberalism produced by these...

Other Essays Like Compare and Contrast Two Social Science Views About the Ordering of Social Life

Report To Compare And Contrast The Hardware Specification Of Two Laptops/Desktops Or Servers

2591 words - 11 pages Report to compare and contrast the hardware specification of two Laptops/Desktops or Servers. Executive Summary For the purpose of this report, I will be comparing two different computers and comparing the various aspects of hardware specifications of the two separate platforms in detail, including performance in terms of processor, memory and storage. The first computer I have chosen for this report is a 15-inch MacBook Pro with

Compare and Contrast the Approach Taken by Researchers in Two of the Papers You Have Read in Units 1- 4

1703 words - 7 pages OPTION 1 – COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE APPROACH TAKEN BY RESEARCHERS IN TWO OF THE PAPERS YOU HAVE READ IN UNITS 1- 4. The two papers that I have chosen to compare for this assignment are the research paper by Elizabeth Coates and the paper by Aldgate and Bradley in The Reality of Research with Children and Young People Edited by Lewis et al . The paper by Coates involves the observation of children in nursery and

Nursing Theory: Compare/Contrast Two Theories

2316 words - 10 pages Nursing Theory: Compare/contrast two theories Name University Professor Course Date Nursing Theory: Compare/contrast two theoriesIntroduction Theory has so far remained a strategic tool in advanced nursing practice. Firstly, nursing utilizes every feature of management science. Fortunately, the knowledge base of each and every management science takes theory into account. Theory includes methods, principles, and concepts. The principles are

Compare and Contrast Two Theories/Models of Relationships and Show How They Might Be Utilised by a Therapist Who Is Engaged in Couples Counselling

2696 words - 11 pages This essay has 2513 words Compare and contrast two theories/models of relationships and show how they might be utilised by a therapist who is engaged in couples counselling. Every human being experiences different relationships throughout their lives whether it is with their parents, siblings, external family at the start of their life or with friends through adolescence and even going into adulthood with their partner and then possibly

For Many Ppoems in Light of This Statement.Eople Home Is Defined by the People Who Live There. Compare and Contrast the Ways in Which Home Is Represented in at Least Two Poems

772 words - 4 pages For many ppoems in light of this statement.eople home is defined by the people who live there. Compare and contrast the ways in which home is represented in at least two poems. Many people associate home with the people living in it. So for them home could be anywhere in the world as long as their loved ones are with them. But when that person dies one loses their sense of security and also tends to feel abandoned

‘the Role of Women in Literature Often Reflects Contemporary Social and Cultural Concerns About Gender.’ Compare and Contrast How and for What Purposes the Role of Women Is Presented in Your Chosen...

3076 words - 13 pages ‘The role of women in literature often reflects contemporary social and cultural concerns about gender.’ Compare and contrast how and for what purposes the role of women is presented in your chosen texts. Wasp Factory Dracula Ariel The role of women in literature often reflects contemporary social and cultural concerns about gender and power; this can be seen within the three texts, Bram Stoker’s, ‘Dracula’, first published in

Judicial Process as an Instrument of Social Ordering

1929 words - 8 pages Q. Judicial Process as an instrument of Social Ordering. Introduction “ Judicial Process” means any judicial proceeding in connection with the dispensation of justice by any court of competent jurisdiction and “ Social Ordering” means activating the instrument of Judicial Process in setting right the wrong done or eliminating injustice from the society. But here we are mainly concerned with role of the constitutional courts evolving new

Social Science

1284 words - 6 pages phenomenological study to learn about experience of the poor and ask questions like “ Do you think that in terms of money you are poor? Do you think that unemployment has connection to poverty?’. Quantitative methods will use counting and measurements, for example measure how many people became unemployed in the last two years and measure whether they are impoverished. Theoretical and methodological approaches in studying and measuring poverty

Social Science

4540 words - 19 pages priority. The meaningful education can extract the negative social values from the very fabric of society and enlighten the minds of men folk. The introduction of value added economic activities in rural and urban areas to engage both men and women to create balance in the society would be the next step. The economic activities on one side facilitate women empowerment in household and family affairs and give men a positive dimension in life which

Social Science

1749 words - 7 pages “The care and support that we provide for people should enable them to make the most of their lives.” How successful are health/social care services in achieving this? Health services in the United Kingdom are facing an immense challenge. As life expectancy increases, so too does the elderly population and those living with long term health conditions. The concept of self-management and people being able to make the most of their own lives

Social Science - 1013 words

1013 words - 5 pages beyond their life (White et al. 2005). The dependence on external assistance creates both the potential for and the reality of non-sustainable ICM institutions and policies as projects are terminated and staff withdrawn. The majority of community-based coastal resource management projects are not maintained after the funding and external technical assistance end (White et al. 2005). Despite difficulties in implementation of ICM projects

Related Papers

Compare And Contrast Two Views Of How Social Order Is Produced In Public Spaces

1557 words - 7 pages In this essay I will be defining social order, and looking at how it is produced in public spaces. I will begin by looking at two opposing views of social order by Goffman and Foucalt. Then I will examine Buchannan’s report and Monderman’s thesis, describing both views and their relation to Goffman and Foucault‘s, and then compare and contrast to find the similarities and differences. Social order is the way that people imagine and practise

Compare And Contrast Two Views Of How The Relationships Between People And Traffic Are Ordered

1617 words - 7 pages Compare and contrast two views of how the relationships between people and traffic are ordered. This essay will compare and contrast two views of how the relationships between people and traffic are ordered. The first part will show two different views and social order is constructed to understand how human beings behave in a social environment using the studies conducted by Goffman and Foucault as sources. How traffic is ordered will be

Compare And Contrast The Approaches Of Buchanan And Monderman To Ordering Public Spaces That Include Pedestrian And Motor Vehicles

1482 words - 6 pages , produced in 1963 and a thesis by Hans Monderman, both of these look at the connection between social ordering in public spaces between pedestrians and motor vehicles. The essay will compare the studies and show the similarities and differences between them, and how they both solve the problem to traffic management. It will also discuss the models in which both Monderman and Buchanan use in their thesis. The Buchanan report was published in 1963

Compare And Contrast Two Leaders Essay

1395 words - 6 pages it is using these differences we will come to a conclusion as to who better represents the qualities of an effective leader. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. A look at Sarah Louise Palin 3. A look at Oprah Winfrey 4. Comparison of leaders 5. Conclusion 6. References 6 7 8 8 10 11 INTRODUCTION This essay will compare and contrast the characteristics of two of America’s female leaders. In analysing the effectiveness of their