Compare And Contrast Two Theories/Models Of Relationships And Show How They Might Be Utilised By A Therapist Who Is Engaged In Couples Counselling

2696 words - 11 pages

This essay has 2513 words

Compare and contrast two theories/models of relationships and show how they might be utilised by a therapist who is engaged in couples counselling.
Every human being experiences different relationships throughout their lives whether it is with their parents, siblings, external family at the start of their life or with friends through adolescence and even going into adulthood with their partner and then possibly their own children. For an individual to have any type of relationship they need to have some sort of bond. Issues can arise between individuals for many different reasons as their personalities develop and mature.
...view middle of the document...

While the infant gains knowledge of its environment they begin to be aware of behaviours that will fulfil their needs for example the have the innate ability to cry, which through time the begin to realise they gain attention and their needs are met. This can be associated with operant conditioning as the infant repeats the behaviour for the desired response.
-------------------------------------------------
Bowlby, Harlow and Lorenz established the evolutionary theory of attachment believe that infants have infants are born with the instant ability to form attachment for survival. These psychologists believe that the infant uses their innate abilities for care and response not food. Their studies showed that attachment as a child acted as blueprint for relationships as an adult so any disruption could have a detrimental effect. The studies also showed that attachment was developed over the first five years of an infant’s life. When attachment is not secured during this period the effect on the development of the infant is severe, possibly developing behavioural issues and decreasing their abilities.
-------------------------------------------------
Harry Harlow conducted numerous experiments on attachment using monkeys during the 1950’s. Harlow and Zimmerman (1958) contradicted the behaviourist approach to attachment where food is the primary reinforcer and the care giver is the secondary reinforcer with the Rhesus Monkey experiment. His findings showed that attachment with the monkeys was developed in the first year of their lives.
-------------------------------------------------
The monkeys were observed in two different environments, the first being infant monkeys reared in isolation. The monkeys that were placed in this situation had detrimental effects as some died and the ones that survived suffered from abnormal behaviour that continued throughout their life making it hard to relate to other monkeys. The second group were placed with surrogate mothers; either a bare wire mother of wire mother covered with terry towelling, a feeding bottle was attached to the bare wire mother. The monkeys that were placed in this environment spent more time with the terry towelling mother and only went to the bare wire mother when they were hungry, when they had finishing feeding they would return to the terry towelling mother. During the experiment frightening objects were placed in the cage, the infant monkey would seek comfort form the terry towelling mother. Harlow removed the terry towelling mother on occasions and the infant monkey would start to explore. The findings back the Evolutionary theory of attachment as it is the security and comfort the monkey wanted from the caregiver and is a contrast to the behaviourist approach as the caregiver that was providing food was not the one they were severely attached to.
-------------------------------------------------
Harlow concluded that the monkeys needed something that they were able to...

Other Essays Like Compare and Contrast Two Theories/Models of Relationships and Show How They Might Be Utilised by a Therapist Who Is Engaged in Couples Counselling

For Many Ppoems in Light of This Statement.Eople Home Is Defined by the People Who Live There. Compare and Contrast the Ways in Which Home Is Represented in at Least Two Poems

772 words - 4 pages For many ppoems in light of this statement.eople home is defined by the people who live there. Compare and contrast the ways in which home is represented in at least two poems. Many people associate home with the people living in it. So for them home could be anywhere in the world as long as their loved ones are with them. But when that person dies one loses their sense of security and also tends to feel abandoned

Councelling Diploma Module 1 - 1. Select Two of the Areas for Which Counselling Can Be Accessed as Discussed in This Module. 2. Outline Your Thoughts on How the Person Might Be Feeling About Their...

1132 words - 5 pages Module 1 Assignment 1. Select two of the areas for which counselling can be accessed as discussed in this module. 2. Outline your thoughts on how the person might be feeling about their first counselling session and why. 3. Describe how you, as their counsellor, can make them feel more at ease. 4. Explain the actions you should not take in your role as a counsellor. ------------------------------------------------- Write an

Compare and Contrast Two Leaders

1395 words - 6 pages it is using these differences we will come to a conclusion as to who better represents the qualities of an effective leader. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. A look at Sarah Louise Palin 3. A look at Oprah Winfrey 4. Comparison of leaders 5. Conclusion 6. References 6 7 8 8 10 11 INTRODUCTION This essay will compare and contrast the characteristics of two of America’s female leaders. In analysing the effectiveness of their

"Compare And Contrast The Three Models Of Memory"

1221 words - 5 pages faces of everyone we meet and remember how to move and communicate. Several models of the way in which memory is structured and how it functions have been advanced and although there are many differences between the models, they all view memory as a means of processing information. We do not simply record information, we carry out some sort of processing as we eliminate, store, organise and reconstruct the information we receive. This information

Compare and Contrast: Marital and Romantic Relationships

703 words - 3 pages Relationships in a marriage have always been complicated. Every new stage in family life brings up many challenges. Different people with different personalities deal with these challenges in their own way. Two different couples from ”To Room Nineteen” by Doris Lessing and ”Hills like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway face their problems in a quite contrasting way. Lessing’s couple is a very traditional family. Their marriage

Compare Two Models of Rationships

2524 words - 11 pages “Compare and contrast two theories/models of relationships and show how they might be utilised by a therapist” Introduction In this essay I am going compare and contrast two theories/models of relationships and show how they might be utilised by a therapist. The two different theories/models that I am going to use in the essay are Fritz Perl’s “Gestalt therapy” and person centred model of Carl Rogers. “Every Individual, every

Nursing Theory: Compare/Contrast Two Theories

2316 words - 10 pages Nursing Theory: Compare/contrast two theories Name University Professor Course Date Nursing Theory: Compare/contrast two theoriesIntroduction Theory has so far remained a strategic tool in advanced nursing practice. Firstly, nursing utilizes every feature of management science. Fortunately, the knowledge base of each and every management science takes theory into account. Theory includes methods, principles, and concepts. The principles are

Compare and Contrast the Approach Taken by Researchers in Two of the Papers You Have Read in Units 1- 4

1703 words - 7 pages parental consent to interview the children, then in explaining to the children what was going to happen and telling them about the questions that their parents would be asked. Of course the most important interaction between the researchers and the respondents took place during the interviews themselves. Another contrast between the two research papers is the scale of the research. Coates conducted a small scale study on children’s free drawing and

Compare and Contrast the Client-Centred (Rogerian) Model of Counselling with Either Egan's 3-Stage Model or the Gestalt Model of Counseling. How Do You Understand the Similarities Between Them?

2774 words - 12 pages The model of counselling I have chosen to compare and contrast the client-centred (rogerian) model with is Egan’s 3-stage model. In this essay I will define my understanding of these two models of counselling, describe and explore the ways the two models create the counselling alliance, compare and contrast the differences and similarities between the two models by examining how the models are used and outlining two brief examples of how and

Summarise Two Theories of Identity and Compare Their Usefulness for Explaining the Real World Issues Discussed in Chapter 1

665 words - 3 pages Summarise two theories of identity and compare their usefulness for explaining the real world issues discussed in Chapter 1. Social identity theory (SIT) is a theory designed to explain how a persons sense of who they are relates directly to the groups that they belong to. Henri Tajfel was a Holocaust survivor that wanted to understand relationships between groups and the processes that led to prejudice.This theory also identified that

Compare and Contrast Two Social Science Views About the Ordering of Social Life

1595 words - 7 pages Goffman's view of social order, his concepts and how they help to structure and organise his claims and the second part will compare and contrast Goffman's views with those of Foucault, highlighting the similarities and differences between their claims and concepts. The third part of this essay will look at two examples of social ordering in practise and present the evidence supporting the theories put forward by both social scientists, using a

Related Papers

Discribe And Evaluate Carl Jungs Therory Concerning Personality Types And Show How They Might Usefully Help A Therapist To Determine Therapeutic Goals

3421 words - 14 pages “Describe and evaluate Carl Jung’s theory concerning personality types and show how they might usefully help a therapist to determine therapeutic goals” In this essay I aim to demonstrate an understanding of Jung’s theory of personality types by looking at the origins and characteristics of the attitudes and functions and how these can be related to psychological disturbance. I will also be making comparisons with other ‘type’ theories and

Compare And Contrast Two Views Of How The Relationships Between People And Traffic Are Ordered

1617 words - 7 pages Compare and contrast two views of how the relationships between people and traffic are ordered. This essay will compare and contrast two views of how the relationships between people and traffic are ordered. The first part will show two different views and social order is constructed to understand how human beings behave in a social environment using the studies conducted by Goffman and Foucault as sources. How traffic is ordered will be

Compare And Contrast Two Views Of How Social Order Is Produced In Public Spaces

1557 words - 7 pages In this essay I will be defining social order, and looking at how it is produced in public spaces. I will begin by looking at two opposing views of social order by Goffman and Foucalt. Then I will examine Buchannan’s report and Monderman’s thesis, describing both views and their relation to Goffman and Foucault‘s, and then compare and contrast to find the similarities and differences. Social order is the way that people imagine and practise

Compare And Contrast How The Writers Of A Chip Of Glass Ruby And The Surest Thing In Show Business Employ Different Techniques For Characterization, And To What Effect

908 words - 4 pages same way, “’Oh but don’t you see?’ the girl said. ‘It’s because she doesn’t want anybody to be left out. It’s because she always remembers; remembers everything…That’s how Ma is.” This dialogue from Girlie is very significant in reflecting how Mrs. Bamjee is a character who cares for everyone around her, and she always thinks of other people’s needs rather than her own. She was the