The resentment over the treaty of Versailles of Italy and Germany contribute to the rise of Totalitarian dictatorships, both of them rose for similar reasons at 1920s and 30s respectively. In hisroty, Both Nazism and Fascism are obvious examples of totalitarianism, and they both introduce one-party dictatorship, anti-communism and racial superiority. Besides, there are also some alike features between them, and that’s create a misperception to the people that most of them think Nazism and Fascism are exactly same thing,just the countries which adapt the totalitarianism are different. However, Fascism and Nazism, though similar in many regards, have many aspects to them that make them ...view middle of the document...
The same idea applied in Nazism,which the country also should be controlled by one single leader.The leader had the absolute power to direct all the activities of the nation and control over the people’s lives.The absolute obedience to the leader was emphasized.In 1934, A poster read ’One people,one country,one leader’ was also published to highlight the power and the importance of the leader.
It clearly shown that both of them were eager to seize their power tried all means to eliminate his opponents and other parties.
Secondly,both Nazism and Fascism adopted the idea of anti-communism and anti-demorcracy
For Facism,the Fascists considered the Communists their greatest enemy,since the communists would divide society into opposing classesand encourage a class struggle,destryong the unity of society and weakening the nation.
Mussolini capitalized on fear of a Communist revolution, finding ways to unite Labor and Capital to prevent class war.The Corporatism is the typical example and it will be discussed in the economic aspect in the following.
For Nazism,Hitler proposed that communism should be suppressed,The communists were responsible for Germany’s defeat in the First World War.He thought Communism thereatned the unity of socirty ac class stuggle would weaken the nation.
It can be shown by his book Mein Kampf , Hitler announces his hatred of what he believed to be the world's twin evils: Communism and Judaism. The new territory that Germany needed to obtain would properly nurture the "historic destiny" of the German people; this goal, which Hitler referred to as Lebensraum (living space), explains why Hitler aggressively expanded Germany eastward, specifically the invasions of Czechoslovakia and Poland, before he launched his attack against Russia. In Mein Kampf Hitler openly states that the future of Germany "has to lie in the acquisition of land in the East at the expense of Russia."
Form this,we see that both of them tretes communism as evil and hope to supress it.
Thirdly, both of the leaders use propaganda techniques in manipulate the minds of people.
Both used the characteristic of (the glorification of emotion to take hold of the people in each country and impose their ideals upon. By manipulating the minds of people, Hitler and Mussolini both convinced their people that dictatorship would deliver them from all of their problems.
Under Nazism, Hitler used his words to manipulate the minds of people into believing what ideals he was imposing as the absolute truth after he got into power. He used posters to manipulate his people’s mind. The Nazis believed in propaganda as a vital tool in achieving their goals. Adolf Hitler, Germany's Führer, was impressed by the power of Allied propaganda during World War I and believed that it had been a primary cause of the collapse of morale and revolts in the German home front and Navy in 1918 (see also: Dolchstoßlegende). Hitler met nearly every day with Goebbels to...