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Comparing Catholic And Protestant Communities In Northern Ireland

1471 words - 6 pages

Comparing Catholic and Protestant Communities in Northern Ireland There are two separate communities in Northern Ireland; these are the
Catholics and the Protestants. The reason they are divided is because
they both want different things. The Catholics want to join the South
and feel they are the rightful land owners to govern themselves. The
Protestants were “planted” by King James I in order to create a bigger
Protestant community to support him, and they want to remain part of
the U.K.

The Home Rule is when a country governs and runs itself, which what
the hard line Catholics in ...view middle of the document...

5 millions’ worth of damages had been
inflicted. After the destruction left by the Easter Rising most people
in Dublin were horrified by the Irish rebels and blamed them for
everything, and so when the surviving rebels were arrested many
civilians took the opportunity to shout abuse and threaten them. It
was only after it was announced that 77 rebels had been sentence to
death that the attitude of the public changed. The Catholic Irish were
shocked to hear the sentence and that 15 rebels had been executed. The
British government were warned that the Irish people; “are becoming
infuriated against the government” and that the feeling was spreading.

The consequence of Easter Rising is that the support Sinn Fein grew.
Due to increasing violence from the Catholics, who had formed the
Irish Republican Army (IRA), the British government recruited
ex-soldiers to try and control the Irish uprisings and keep
discipline. The soldiers named ‘Black and Tans’ were just as harsh and
ruthless as the IRA. Therefore, Lloyd George, British Prime minister,
decided to try and stop all the killings. So, in 1920, he created the
Government of Ireland Act. The aim of Lloyd George was to temporarily
separate Ireland, so each country had a Home Rule; 6 Northern Eastern
countries of Ulster formed one country called Northern Ireland. The
remaining 26 countries created the Irish Free-state treaty. Two
separate governments were formed. The Government of Ireland Act made
the Protestant Unionists happy, as they got what they wanted. A third
of Catholics were unhappy as they had no say in what happens.

By 1922, after partition, Northern Ireland was run by Protestants. The
government discriminated in Catholics in big ways. For instance, they
changed election boundaries in favour of Protestants (gerrymandering),
and only Protestants were given good or high status jobs. Catholics
were given poorly kept houses that wouldn’t even have a water supply.
Catholics took 45 years of being discriminated against, and had become
bitter towards Protestants. In 1969, Catholics started to revolt
against the way they were treated – this was influenced by Civil
Rights groups in America that had succeeded, and Catholics decided
they could do the same. Catholics formed a Civil Rights group called
the NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association) in 1967. Marches
were formed to protest the way in which Catholics were treated, and
some enraged Protestants by marching through their territory and land
- the tension raised and caused more violence between the two sides.

The Protestant Unionist Government could not handle the violence
between the Catholics and Protestants. The police were Protestant and
Catholics did not trust them, so the Catholics took their safety into
their own hands by building barricades. This barricaded the...

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