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Comparing The Nazis And The Party Of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty Four (1984)

1335 words - 6 pages

Similarities between Nazis and the Party of 1984

The government of Nazi Germany greatly resembled the Party, the government in 1984. Both operated similarly and had similar aims. Anything either government did was an action for maintaining power. Both the Nazis and the Party maintained similar ideologies, controlled mass media, educated children in their beliefs, had a secret police force, and had forced labor camps. Both governments used each of these methods maintain power and control over the people.

Nazis and the Party had very similar ideologies. Although Nazis eliminated people because of their religion (Sauer 683) and the Party eliminated people because of their anti-Party ...view middle of the document...

In Nazi Germany, children were taught to relish bloodshed and violence and to hate Jews ("Modern World History: Nazi Germany"), and the Party used this technique as well (Orwell 23). If children were taught to delight in bloodshed, they would be more accepting of violence aimed at a particular group; the children would not protest against this violence because of their morals or values. Instead, they would go beyond accepting the violence to cheering on the violence and enjoying it immensely.

Children's textbooks also played a significant role of perpetuating Nazi and Party beliefs. In Nazi Germany, the government rewrote the textbooks in order to fit the Nazi ideology and point of view ("Modern World History: Nazi Germany"); the Party's textbooks were not necessarily accurate either (Orwell 61). If a textbook portrayed the Nazis or the Party as extremely beneficial and nothing else, the children would have believed those statements. They would have no reason to doubt the truth of the textbooks, and thus, they would accept the Party's or Nazis' version of history as absolute truth. If the children believed that the Nazis or the Party represented the best system of government their country had ever embraced, they would not rebel or attempt to eliminate the government. Without fear of rebellion by children, the Nazis and the Party could rest comfortably in power.

Children's youth groups also played an important role in keeping the Nazis and the Party in control of Germany and Oceania respectively. By 1939, German children were required by law to join a youth group. Boys joined the Pimpfen, German Youth, and Hitler Youth successively, and girls joined the League of German Maidens ("Modern World History: Nazi Germany"). Children in Oceania joined organizations such as the Spies, Youth League, and the Junior Anti-Sex League (Orwell 21). These organizations further stressed the ideals of the Nazis and the Party. These organizations were another critical factor in the education of the children and helped perpetuate Nazi and Party beliefs.

All of the previously mentioned means of control did work in most cases, but both the Nazis and the Party executed even more plans to ensure rebels would not taint society. Both governments used a secret police force to spy on and capture people who might cause problems. The Nazis employed the Gestapo ("Modern World History: Nazi Germany"), and the Party had the Thought Police (Orwell 6). Each captured the occasional renegade who differed from the beliefs of the Nazis and the Party. These secret police forces served two purposes. The first and more obvious was to remove from society those who posed a threat to the current system of government; the second was to instill fear in the people. This fear would force the people to obey every Party or Nazi teaching, according to which government controlled them. If a person feared a government or leader, that person was much more likely to obey. Obedient people...

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