This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Comparing The Theories Of Durkheim And Marx

1672 words - 7 pages

Comparing the Theories of Durkheim and Marx
Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx were two of history’s most influential theorists. While both of these classical theorists played a significant role in the development of social science, their views on social issues differed greatly.
Emile Durkheim was the first sociologist in France to hold an academic post. Much of his career was focused on promoting sociology as a “legitimate and significant academic discipline”. He was a French functionalist who looked at sociology in a scientific way. He related a functional society to the human body, with each part having a different job but as a whole, forming a functional organism. Durkheim ...view middle of the document...

For instance, as one person fills a specific roll (such as doctor, merchant, dentist…etc), that person becomes more reliant on others within society for the goods/services that they don’t have the means to produce. Thus, the division of labor is a source of unity and creates interdependence. He also believed that having people who were experts in one certain field was far better for society than having people who were just mediocre in many different areas in terms of output.
Emile Durkheim saw the state as a vital entity to preserve individuals’ rights. By ensuring that there is a hospitable environment for people to enhance their individual specialties, the state promotes individualistic freedom. This promotion of individualistic freedom is then met with societal interdependence as a result of specialization.
Durkheim viewed the educational system as a way to socialize people into society’s mainstream. Schooling brought people together from diverse backgrounds to form a more cohesive social structure. Since educational systems are built by society, which consistently seeks opportunities to reproduce its collective beliefs and values through its social institutions, schooling was used as an instrument to perpetuate unity and cooperation. Education was also a source of networking, providing the students with the opportunity to make interpersonal connections.
Like education, Durkheim saw the institution of family as another way to perpetuate society’s collective beliefs. He said that the family was a structured environment that served as an instrument in social harmony. He also believed that the family was an important and effective mechanism to “internalize” social morals, instilling beliefs in individuals which society deemed important or necesary.
Emile Durkheim perceived crime and deviance as a “normal” aspect of any healthy society. He claimed that criminal acts function to show what is good/bad in a society (again uniting society in shared values and perceptions) and to clarify boundaries. This affirmation of cultural values and norms promotes social solidarity. When asked by peers what the point of punishing people who committed acts of deviance was if it was so beneficial for society, Durkheim equated deviance to pain; he said that although pain is detestable, it is necessary to grow stronger.
According to Durkheim, the institution of religion created a sense of moral obligation in individuals to adhere to society’s demands. This obligation matured into yet another factor that perpetuates a consensus of values. The idea that religion gives people meaning in life unites members within society with a set of shared morals. He was not as particularly focused on the religious experience of individuals themselves but rather the communal activity associated with the religious experiences. The participation in religious activities was thought to give rise to bonds and interpersonal ties that...

Other Essays Like Comparing the Theories of Durkheim and Marx

Explore The Ideas Of Karl Marx

3135 words - 13 pages “Explore the ideas of Karl Marx, discussing his theories and views toward capitalism. Discuss how these matters compare to modern day economic conditions, and consider the ethical and sustainability matters that are raised for today's managers.” Karl Marx; an economist, sociologist, revolutionary and historian, whose theories continue to influence economic thought for managers today. Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5,1818 – March 14, 1883) put forth

Comparing The Religions Of Christianity And Hinduism

2568 words - 11 pages “If I were asked to define the Hindu creed, I should simply say: Search after truth through non-violent means. A man may not believe in God and still call himself a Hindu. Hinduism is a relentless pursuit after truth... Hinduism is the religion of truth. Truth is God.” -- Mahatma Gandhi "I believe in Christianity as I believe that the sun has risen: not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else." -- C. S. Lewis

A Comparison Of Karl Marx And Max Weber

581 words - 3 pages         During the nineteenth century, Karl Marx and Max Weber were two of the most influential sociologists. Both of them tried to explain social change taking place in a society at that time. On the one hand, their views are very different, but on the other hand, they had many similarities. Weber had argued that Marx was too narrow in his views. He felt that Marx was only concerned with the economic issues and believed that that issue is

Why Was Karl Marx so Disparaging of the Utopian Socialists

2496 words - 10 pages Office RCPB, 20/04/02) In concluding this essay, I have come to realise the importance of one’s political beliefs and values and how, to some of us it is not just important to have a voice but also to attempt to make our voices heard in practical ways. As a complete novice to the works of men like Marx and Owen I have found this assignment to be extremely thought provoking. Not only have I examined the theories of Marx and Owen

Comparing The Crucible And Lord Of The Flies

1106 words - 5 pages The successful and what could have been successful societies in both Lord of the Flies and The Crucible eventually decayed and fell apart. There were struggles with good and evil in Salem and on the island that were the result of three main elements. Fear, misuse of power and fanatical religious beliefs were the cause of the two societies failure. In Salem, anything unusual or different from the norm was seen as alien and sinful. When

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

System of Theories and Development

1436 words - 6 pages I. Introduction and Overview Ever Solid Plastic Manufacturing Company is a plastic manufacturing company owned by Rosario Tan. The company is a distributor of high quality plastics. It manufactures different set of products such as sando bags, plastic cups, paper cups, spaghetti boxes, and etc. It has been operating for approximately 17 years and is located in Valenzuela City, Metro Manila. The study of the researchers were focusing on the

Social Theories And The Family

1332 words - 6 pages Social Theories and the family Merlinda Sandoval SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology Instructor: Jennifer Moyer-Taylor September 19, 2011 The social theories functionalism, conflict and interactionism have different views on the way families function in today society. These theories help us understand why people see things in the manner that they do, the patterns of their beliefs and their behaviors which are based on their social needs

The Developmment of Comm Theories

2642 words - 11 pages into one vision – to enrich the communication field. However, it was not an easy road for these intellectual minds as they are confronted with issues that still need to be resolved. In this paper I will try to present first the rich beginning of communication theories and in light with this development context follows my presentation on the varied problems confronted the field of communication theories as well my personal views on the matter

Comparing the Use of Qualitative and Quantitative Research in Marketing

1318 words - 6 pages Running Head: IMC 612 Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research 1 Comparing the Use of Qualitative and Quantitative Research in Marketing IMC 612 Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research 2 Qualitative vs. Quantitative Though qualitative and quantitative researches differ in their

The Examination of Leadership Theories

1446 words - 6 pages The Examination of Leadership Theories in Education and Organizations Katrenia McPhail-Dickerson Strayer University EDU 500 Adult Learning Theory Dr. Claudia Rosenberg May 5, 2012 Introduction There have been several research studies on leadership theories that have been conducted for a variety of purposes. The concept of Leadership is one of the most researched subjects in the world. Leadership theories have

Related Papers

Marx, Durkheim, Weber And Sociology Essay

1689 words - 7 pages The theoretical works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber still influence sociological theory. Though their works are decades old they still are a major part of what sociology is today. Though their theories can seem very different, there are some similarities. To become a great sociologist one most learn and understands how to use all sociological perspectives. To do this one must understand and use the different theoretical perspectives

Comparing Relevant Theories Principles And Models Of Reflective Practice

989 words - 4 pages Comparing relevant theories, principles and models of reflective practice In this evaluation I will analyse and compare relevant theories, principles and models of reflective practice and explain how they relate to my practice and development. Reflective practice is an evolving concept. In the 1930s, John Dewey defined reflective thought as: ‘Active, persistent, and careful consideration of any belief or supposed form of knowledge in

Emile Durkheim And Concepts Of Suicide

844 words - 4 pages Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), is considered to be one of the “Fathers” of sociology. Durkheim was the founder of the field sociology based on his definition of its subject matter and its methodology. (Farganis, 2011) He dedicated his life to establish the field of sociology by demonstrating how social phenomena could be studied empirically and not discussed speculatively. It was based on his efforts that sociology was recognized as its own

Analyzing Emile Durkheim And Clifford Geertz's Definition Of Religion

1626 words - 7 pages In attempting to answer the ominous and age-old issue of what religion is, Emile Durkheim and Clifford Geertz offer two quite in-depth and distinct definitions that can be viewed as very similar, yet truly different on a number of levels. In this essay, I will examine the similarities and differences between the two authors’ definitions of religion and offer my own perspective on each. Both anthropologists provide definitions that share the