Comparison Of Electoral Politics Essay

2370 words - 10 pages

Comparing the electoral politics of most Western and Eastern European countries is like comparing night and day. While most of Western European countries have a strong political system, thriving economy, and a developed government…most Eastern European countries have just started this idea of a democratic nation. Most governments are corrupt and the political officials are not very trustworthy. The economy is also struggling and there is unrest with the people. This transition from communism is giving Eastern Europe a lot of problems. This is the case when comparing the Republic of Ireland and the Republic of Albania.

Republic of Ireland The Republic of Ireland has been recognized as an ...view middle of the document...

The president also appoints the Supreme Court judges on the advice of the government. The Irish Parliament (Oireachtas) consists of the Senate (Seanad Eireann) and the House of Representatives (Dail Eireann).

The Senate consists of 60 seats, 49 elected by the universities and from candidates put forward by five vocational panels, while the other 11 are nominated by the Prime Minister, Bertie Ahern. The members serve five-year terms. The House of Representatives has 166 seats elected by direct popular vote and in most counties a proportional representation system calls the single transferable vote system (STV) is used. This complicated system is very rare and is only used in the small Mediterrianian Island of Malta.

This system is closely related to the multimember-district system where the voters actually rank their representatives for each district. Each county has from four to seven representatives based on population. The members of the House also serve five-year terms. The Senate is the upper house of parliament and the power of the Senate extends only to delaying for a period of 90 days a bill is passed by the House. The House, like our House of Representatives in the US, proposes the bills.

Election The results of the last House election show that the Fianna Fail party received 77 out of the 166 seats. Not a majority. The Irish government achieves majority by forming party coalitions. The other major parties receiving votes were the Fine Gael (54), Labour Party (17), Progressive Democrats (4), Democratic Left (4), Greens (2), Sinn Fein (1), Socialist Party (1), and other independents received 6 votes (Political Handbook 449).

In the Senate, the Fianna Fail holds 29 of the 60 seats. Political Parties The Fianna Fail (“Solders of Destiny”) has become the largest and most successful party that Ireland has ever had. It is currently in power in a rainbow coalition with the Progressive Democrats and a number of Independent candidates. Securing peace and unity and independence of Ireland has always taken prominence on the political agenda, along with providing maximum employment, promoting a spirit of enterprise, maintaining Ireland’s neutrality and retaining membership in the European Union (Local Ireland). The party has produced five Prime Ministers being elected a total of 14 times.

The Progressive Democrats were formed in 1985 when a group of politicians left Fianna Fail. Their leader, Mary Harney, was the first female to be elected as a political party leader in Ireland. “They view themselves as modern, liberal, and European in their outlook”, (Local Ireland). They strongly favor the European Union and economic integration within the EU. This coalition is on the center right of the political spectrum.

The other governmental coalition consists of the Finn Gael (“Family of the Irish”), the Labour Party, and the Democratic Left Party. This coalition has not been in control since the 1994 elections. The Finn Gael advocates friendly...

Other Essays Like Comparison of Electoral Politics

Politics Paper

966 words - 4 pages One of the first things we have learned about politics this semester is that there is a constant struggle over the true definition, especially in how broad or narrow the definition is. When Thomas Jefferson wrote that “Politics are such torment that I would advise everyone I love not to mix with them.” it is understood that he is referring to the electoral and governmental aspects of politics. If Dr. Michael Rivage-Seul and Leslie Cagan were to

Electoral System Analysis

1323 words - 6 pages ., Grady, R.C., Joffe, G., Studlar, D.T., & Wachman, A.M. (2006). The politics of governing: A comparative introduction. Washington D.C.: CQ Press. Karp, J.A., Banducci, S.A., & Bowler, S. (2008). Getting out the vote: Party mobilization in a comparative perspective. British Journal of Political Science. January 2008;38(1):91-112. Redling, A. A. (1995). Let’s dump single member electoral districts. Christian Science Monitor. p.18. Stewart, I. (2010). Why voting is always unfair. (Cover story). New Scientist, 206(2758), 28-31. Doi: 10.1016/S0262-4079(10)61078-0

This Is Not An Essay

608 words - 3 pages Health Care Costs/ Prescription Drugs The Death Penalty Providing Energy for America Protecting America's and Global Environment Raise or Cut Taxes? Social Security: How to protect it in the 21st Century Objectives: The students will... 1. Define key terms relating to political parties and describe their function in American politics. 2. Outline the electoral process for major national offices such as the presidency and Congress. 3. Relate the place of political parties and election to the principles of American democracy.


1553 words - 7 pages a minimal role while media and money have a huge influence” (Co, 2008). Violence during elections also exists and extreme general commitment to democracy is observed. Filipinos have popular protests against their political system, which led to the forced out of their two presidents Ferdinand Marcos and Joseph Estrada. The two said presidents were indicted with electoral fraud and plunder respectively. Politics in the Philippines have been

Does Gerrymandering Cause Polarization

553 words - 3 pages and length by McCarthy, Poole and Rosenthal in The American Journal of Political Science. The three authors discuss how this theory, of how gerrymandering is what’s causing the political polarization of America is “attractive not only because of analytical elegance, but also because it suggests a single, perhaps even feasible, solution to what ails the American polity: take the politics out of redistricting.” They go on however to warn the

Uk Politics

967 words - 4 pages Name Institution Course Instructor Date UK Politics Introduction Majoritarianism is a traditional political agenda or philosophy that asserts that the majority people who might be identified by language, social class or religion in the population are entitled to a certain degree of primacy in the society. Such people are given the right to make decisions that affect the rest of the society. In the United Kingdom, the government is commonly

Coalition Formation in Europe Is in Theory Predictable

2578 words - 11 pages | * | | * | | 2 | | * | * | | 3 | | | * | * | 4 | * | * | | * | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Every coalition must include party C, the only way that party C can be excluded is with coalition ABD which will mean more ideologically diverse coalition. CONSTRAINTS AND INFLUENCES ON COALITION BARGAINING The real world of politics is a world of constraints. Many factors

Presidential V. Parlaimentary

581 words - 3 pages Presidential v. Parliamentary System Katie Ardiff Walter Bagehot, in writing about the unwritten English Constitution, compares its parliamentary system to the presidential system of the United States in order to demonstrate its supremacy through comparison. He compares several different aspects of each system, including citizen participation, efficiency, accountability and representation. His arguments, both in their details and their

Reluctant Politician

1658 words - 7 pages George Washington: Reluctant Politician George Washington, although unanimously elected to two terms of the Presidency by the Electoral College, disliked politics and believed them to be a divisive and potentially dangerous development for the future of the new United States of America. In this view he may have blamed the politics and not the underlying, varied needs and desires of the various groups, but it was a view he held to steadfastly

Political Science

2437 words - 10 pages however restricted on their participation by the Sharia law that curtains the freedoms of women. The implications for the participation of women in politics after the amendment of the electoral laws are very hard to gauge. The laws, for example, made it hard and illegal for women wearing hijab to vote in national and local elections. The laws also provided for segregated polling stations for women. This underscored the peripheral role played by women

Forced Tide

1302 words - 6 pages pro- and anti-Syrians making common electoral cause to defend unshakable interests. Elections meant as a starting point for reform were a reminder of the power of sectarianism and the status quo, while assassinations and car bombs took more lives. Decisions have been mired by a power struggle between the Western-backed alliance of the prime minister and the son of the ex-prime minister, Rafiq Al-Hariri, whose assassination started the chain of

Related Papers

Canadian Democracy Essay

2672 words - 11 pages and therefore, these groups risk being excluded from the electoral process.In comparison to how other nation-states conduct their elections, the Canadian electoral system does exemplify some desirable and democratic characteristics. For example, voters make their selection on a secret ballot and are not forced to vote in favour of any particular party or candidate. This process is completely confidential; it is up to the individual to decide who

The Electoral College 2 Essay

849 words - 4 pages but more than any other candidate) takes all of the States electoral votes. According to the laws of nature, however, life is based on proportions - good, better, best; fast, faster, fastest. In the same way politics must be based on proportions whereby the more votes a candidate gets, the better their chances of getting elected. This is the only way to guarantee that more voters will cast a ballot and that every vote will be counted. With such

Majoritian System And The Impacts On The African Political Power

1785 words - 8 pages Politics play vital role in the state’s affair and for people to take positions of running the state’s affair. The political system of the world has device mechanisms on how those persons can take a role in the state’s issues, through electoral systems. For instance in Africa, the southern part of it. Each country that was once a colony of the British Empire has adopted a colonialist system even after gaining their independence. This essay will

Alexander Hamilton’s Electoral College And The Modern Election

1865 words - 8 pages Alexander Hamilton’s Electoral College and the Modern Election Colin Campbell Prof. R Hurl TA: Matthew Lesch Tutorial: Thursday, 4:00 PM, UC 67) U. S. Government and Politics (POL 208 Y1Y) 1 November 2012 Alexander Hamilton’s Electoral College and the Modern Election When American's leaders assembled in Philadelphia in 1787, they originally had the goal of solving issues that had arisen from the Articles of Confederation, which had