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Competing Theories Of Corrections Essay

2010 words - 9 pages

Competing Theories of Corrections

Eric Mack

American Intercontinental University

Abstract
This paper will discuss the competing theories of corrections that are prevalent in today’s justice system. A series of suggestions on ways to implement some of the nontraditional theories of corrections will be reviewed. In recent years, parole and probation have been criticized for increasing the risk of community victimization by known offenders. A review of how the goals of punishment and rehabilitative strategies are different. It will show whether there is specific data to support one particular approach over another. Two nontraditional correctional approaches will be discussed ...view middle of the document...

Evidence shows that there are various successful programs that reduce future criminal activity not only from offenders but potential offenders as well. The Correctional Theory has caused justice scholars and policy makers to debate the effectiveness of correctional rehabilitation (Corrections.jocogov.org, Intensive Supervision Probation).
Competing Theories of Corrections that are Prevalent
Shock Incarceration
The use of a military style boot camp consisting of a team orientated environment involving strict discipline, extensive physical training, and hard labor. The view is that a dose of military discipline would make a man out of a boy and set him on the path to be a respectable citizen (Time.com, Oct., 1989, Shock Incarceration).
Split Sentencing
The combination of a brief period of imprisonment followed by a period of probation where typically a defendant will spend mandatory time in jail but not for the entire sentence. The court suspends part of the sentence and places the defendant on probation for the remaining time. While on probation a defendant may be required to complete a number of tasks, like meeting with a probation officer, completing drug or alcohol treatment, or performing community service (Schmalleger, Ph.D., F. 2012, Chapter 10).
Shock Probation
Shock probation allows offenders to be released on probation after serving one to six months of their initial sentence. Offenders must apply for probation however it is not guaranteed depending on the judges resentencing decision (Schmalleger, Ph.D., F. 2012, Chapter 10).
Mixed Sentencing & Community Service
This theory requires offenders to serve weekends in jail and receive supervised probation during the week. Requirements may include treatment or community service programs while on probation (Schmalleger, Ph.D., F. 2012, Chapter 10).
Intensive Probation Supervision (IPS)
Offenders are closely monitored to ensure compliance with the Order of Probation/Parole Release Plan. Clients are required to meet with supervising officers on a regular basis (Corrections.jocogov.org, Intensive Supervision Probation).
Home Confinement & Electronic Monitoring
Referred to as house arrest, provides a sentencing alternative that requires electronic monitoring of an offender serving a sentence of partial confinement at their own residence. Under certain conditions offenders may be able to leave such as medical emergencies, go to work, or buy household essentials (Clark.wa.gov, n.d., Electronic Monitoring). Because of the severe limits enforced on offender whereabouts, house arrest has been quoted as presenting an alternative to prison (Schmalleger, Ph.D., F. 2012, Chapter 10).
How Goals of these Strategies are Different
Although the primary goals of these strategies are to make communities safer, they differ in their approach depending on the criminal act. The idea of incapacitation is to remove an offender from society, making it...

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