Complementary and Alternate Medicine
Complementary and Alternate Medicine (CAM) is additional or alternate treatment to the standard conventional treatments. Yoga, Acupuncture, Herbal medicines, and Ayurveda are a few examples of CAM. Using these additional and alternative treatments has increased the popularity of CAM; according to National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicines (NCCAM), 38 percent of adults (four in ten adult) and roughly 12 percent of children (one in nine) use some arrangement of CAM ("The Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the United States| NCCAM", 2008). In addition, because of natural treatment options, CAM is widely accepted by physician ...view middle of the document...
Let’s take Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) for example. Many veterans were being diagnosed using conventional medicine to treat symptoms of PTSD. According to New York Times, this approach led to overmedication that encouraged addiction among veterans; the treatment was merely an orthodox approach of prescribing anti-anxiety, anti-depressants, etc. (New York Times, 2011). In 2011, Veteran Affairs expanded it CAM research for studying of CAM and other conditions ("Complementary and Alternative Medicine", 2014). Although, the VA has changed it approach to integrative medicine in curing PTSD and other conditions, such as using group therapies, family therapy, conventional medicine remains an option.
Philosophy of CAM
According to International Journal of Health Sciences, philosophy of CAM includes holistic care, which focuses on treating a human being as a whole person ("Complementary and Alternative Healthcare: Is it Evidence-based?", 2008) and its personalized care. CAM integrates natural healings such as yoga, meditation, massages, and herbs. It also includes homeopathy which uses tiny doses to stimulate body’s immune system; Naturopathy, which seeks to promote non-invasive practices. CAM includes Chinese, Indian - Asian, American Indian, and Pacific Islander and Tibetan practices ("Complementary and Alternative Healthcare: Is it Evidence-based?", 2008). Furthermore, CAM exists because of its wide variety of treatment options and also that is it cheaper and more accessible. In spite of widespread use of CAM, CAM lacks evidence to confirm results, it can be unsafe due to unknown side effects, and patients lack its knowledge.
Five Domains of Therapies
Whole Medical Systems
Whole medical system comprises of theory and practices much like traditional medicines. These traditional medicines have been used way before conventional medicines came into existence. Its influence has grown culturally in Asian, Pacific, South American, Tibetan, Middle-East and other continents of the world.
Mind Body Medicine comprises of interventions or methods intended to accelerate mental interaction with the body. In addition, Mind-Body Medicine teaches people to care for themselves by being self-aware, such as conscious eating, adapting to physical fitness, meditation, imagination to express self.
Biologically-Based Systems, including Herbalism
Biologically based systems comprise of natural ingredients, such as herbal remedies, vitamins, proteins, and pre and probiotics; examples are ginseng, diet supplements, etc.
Body-based are physical methods, such as chiropractic (bodywork) and massage therapy to enable relaxation and pain relief. According to WebMD, the idea behind body work is for people to learn unnatural ways of body movement or to embrace the body which results in discomfort ("Massage, Chiropractic, and Other Body Manipulations for Fibromyalgia", 2014). Massage therapy is a reduction of...