Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories
May 19, 2014
Theory is the core of nursing and nursing process. It describes, explains and predicts the uniqueness of a phenomenon. Theory is analysis and examine to determine the viability in the world of professional nursing. Concepts is the framework and foundation of the theory which consist of concrete and abstracts. The purpose of this paper is to select a core concept that is common to two nursing theories. Compare and Analysis the core concepts definition of client- nurse and the theorists Peplau’s Interpersonal model and Travelbee’s human-to human model .Peplau’s Interpersonal Model will be further discuss and ...view middle of the document...
(George 2011).This process will continuously repeat with all nurse-patient interactions. According to Peplau, nurse role consists of a teacher, resource, counselor, leader, technical expert, and surrogate (George 2011).
Peplau's (1997) Interpersonal theory model consists of four phase which are orientation phase, working phase, and termination phase. The Orientation Phase is the initial step when the nurse and patient have the first encounter of each other. “The patient and /or family has a “ Felt need” therefore professional assistance is sought”. (George 2011).It is essential that the nurse work together with the patient and family to recognize, analyze, define the current problem or issue.
As a result the patient can focus on solving the existing problem. In addition, during the phase the nurse-patient relationship will began to grow stronger. The nurse has the capability to extend other resources such as psychiatrist or social worker to assist with other needs .Peplau believes that “ Every professional contact with a patient , however brief is an opportunity for education input by nurse”.(George 2011). At the end of the orientation phase the nurse and patient are familiar with each other and have established a goal to solve the problem which allows them to more to the next phase.
The Working Phase was formerly known as the identification phase. “The perception and expectation of the patient and nurse are even more complex than in the orientation phase” (George 2011).The expectations and perceptions of nurse and patient must be clarified. During this phase the nurse provides resources that can help the patient who is comfortable with the assistance provided. The nurse has the ability to communicate effectively and deliver services that can be an asset to the patient. In addition the patient shows willingness and motivation to move closer to goals that was collaborated with the nurse. The patient is ready for the last phase of Peplau’s interpersonal theory.
The Termination Phase the relationship between the nurse and patient needs to come to an end after all goals have been and fulfilled . This phase can be the most difficult due to increase anxiety and dependency of the nurse and patient strong bond. The patient may become more emotional attach and would rely on the nurse. On the other hand , the nurse may...