This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Confederation And Constitution Essay

2297 words - 10 pages

Confederation and Constitution
After the American Revolution the new nation was in a state of the unknown as a country. A group of representatives from each state had the task of defining the new nation and its government. The first attempt to define the new nation was in a document called the Articles of Confederation. Under the Articles of Confederation the federal government was basically just the Continental Congress. There was no Executive or judicial branch under the federal government as these tasks would be handled by the states. Under the Articles of Confederation the federal government had no power to implement or collect taxes, its only ability to raise money was to ask the ...view middle of the document...

As the future of the new government was looking worse a group of farmers in Massachusetts under the leadership of Daniel Shays rose up in revolt against the taxation policies of the state. It was feared more rebellions would occur elsewhere and calls for increasing the authority of the Continental Congress were being made. As a result of this call for change the Continental Congress supported a resolution for revising the Articles of Confederation in February of 1787. In May representatives from all of the states except Rhode Island met in Philadelphia to start the process of revising the Articles of Confederation.
This meeting of the delegates representing the states is known as the Philadelphia convention. Most of the delegates of the Philadelphia Convention had gained experience at a national level during the revolution serving as leaders in the military, as diplomats, or in the congress. Some of the prominent leaders of this group included Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris, and George Washington who was elected the presiding officer of the convention. Some prominent revolutionary leaders were not present such as Thomas Jefferson who was serving as a diplomat to France and John Adams who was serving as a diplomat to England. Others like Patrick Henry refused to go as he opposed the purpose of the convention and Sam Adams did not get elected to go to the convention. James Madison and alexander Hamilton are some of the younger leaders that had not been so prominent during the revolution that were also delegates at the convention. These delegates had already served in one form or another as national representatives and yet did not represent the true range of American society. The delegates at the convention were all wealthy, only one could be considered of moderate wealth, and so really did not represent the artisans, tenant farmers, or the western part of the nation. Most of the representatives were Nationalists that were committed to a strong national government and thought the Articles of Confederation gave far too much power to the states. They were concerned about powerful local interests having too much influence on the state governments. The delegates were focused on creating a strong national government that could effectively deal with the problems of diplomacy, trade, money, and the repayment of the nation’s debt. To start of the convention the delegation made several decisions on procedural matters that would define how the convention would proceed such as the voting would follow the procedure used by the congress of each state getting one vote. They decide to hold the convention in secret with no public access so they could focus on the issues at hand without outside influence. Although the delegation had a common interest in creating a strong central government they saw no clear path to revising the Article of Confederation that would result in this outcome so they decided to create an entirely new document which would become the...

Other Essays Like Confederation and Constitution

Articles of Confederation Essay

922 words - 4 pages States its independence; luckily, however, the Constitution was written. The largest difference between the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution is that the Constitution carefully constructed a strong central government. The Constitution established a legislative, judicial, and executive branch; something that the Articles did not have. These three branches created a system of checks and balances within the federal

Articles Of Confederation Essay

771 words - 4 pages and a second committee, composed of one delegate from each colony, to prepare a plan of confederation. A month later, the latter committee presented Congress with a draft constitution known as the Articles of Confederation. The committees constitution assigned broad powers to the new national government, including the authority to tax, to determine state boundaries, and to dispose of all other unsettled Lands for the general Benefit. The draft

Constitution of the United States

998 words - 4 pages developed in order to replace the Articles of Confederation and fix a few issues the founding fathers found needed to be corrected over the short time it was established. There was a ton of weaknesses in the Articles of confederation that the Constitution addressed one being only allowing the state and central government to have only certain rights and powers. The Constitution addressed these weaknesses by balancing powers between the state and

Summary of Magna Carta, Federalist Papers, Mayflower Compact & Declaration of Independence

1289 words - 6 pages rule and to bring Perpetual Union of these new states” (Articles of Confederation 2011). “Each state was guaranteed its sovereignty freedom and independence; and regulation of commerce and revenues was left to the states” (Articles of Confederation 2011). The Articles of Confederation is important to American history because it served as the first US Constitution. It was drafted during the Revolutionary war and it proved that the states needed

Development Of The United States Constitution

1332 words - 6 pages documents would influence the development of the Constitution. Among these are: the Magna Carta, the Mayflower Compact, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Federalist Papers. The United States Constitution would serve as a template for several other governments.Development of the United States ConstitutionIntroductionWhen our founding father's gathered to draft The Constitution they went with certain beliefs

Government

633 words - 3 pages notion that Texas can legally secede from the union, and has not backed down from that. The Supreme Court has since ruled that secession is unconstitutional. * Ron Paul and his followers do not understand the Constitution. Ron Paul seems to believe this country is a confederation instead of a federation. It is clear that Ron Paul and his followers also believe that if something is not explicitly stated in the Constitution, then it is forbidden. But this country has been operating from the beginning, and established by law, that the government has implied powers in the Constitution. What is explicitly forbidden is forbidden. But what is implied is allowed.

Views of Jonathan Bayard Smith for a Debate

550 words - 3 pages enough to effectively represent the people if am also against the 2 year term as state legislators currently have a 1 year term which allows for a fluid rotation in and out o office and thus better services the people’s needs. But overall I believe that the there is no real need for a change in constitution and that simply revising and working with the current articles of confederation is sufficient to better establish a more centralized and powerful

From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government

543 words - 3 pages "From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government." "Analyze the degree to which the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government with respect to any TWO of the following: foreign relations, economic conditions, and Western lands."From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided an ineffective form of government. The Articles of Confederation was one of the first official

The Articles of Confederation

899 words - 4 pages The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States of America. The Articles of Confederation were first drafted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1777. This first draft was prepared by a man named John Dickinson in 1776. The Articles were then ratified in 1781. The cause for the changes to be made was due to state jealousies and widespread distrust of the central authority. This

Why The U.S. Constitution Should Not Be Ratified

516 words - 3 pages America will break up into thirteen different nations.It is true that the national government would have greater power than it did under the Articles of Confederation. But its powers are limited to tasks that face the entire nation, like trade, currency, and defending our new country from outside threats. Experience has shown that a stronger national government is needed to deal with these problems. The Constitution provides adequate protections

The Economical Aspects Of The American Constitution. Talks About How The American Constitution Was An Economical Paper

948 words - 4 pages engagements entered into, before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation" (Shi). This impacts the image of the United States because the decision to except the old debt that the Confederation had. This showed that the United States could be relied on and that the United States repays all of their loans. The Constitution is an economic document because it issues

Related Papers

Confederation And Constitution Essay

1633 words - 7 pages Confederation and Constitution United States History Professor: 9/30/12 The Articles of Confederation were a great start to shaping and unifying our country, but it was just that, a “start”. It needed to take the country as a whole into consideration in order for it to hold this unity in place. The Articles of Confederation led to the Constitution of the United States. Although similar in some aspects, very different in

Confederation And Constitution Essay

1517 words - 7 pages | Historical Essay: | Confederation and Constitution | | Jason Sherman | | | The Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, was adopted by the Continental Congress on November 15, 1777. However, sanction of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, which

The Confederation And The Constitution Essay

3437 words - 14 pages The Confederation and the Constitution | | | | | Shortly after Thomas Jefferson penned the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the delegates at the Second Continental Congress agreed that a new government was necessary to govern the now-independent colonies. After much debate, they drafted and adopted the Articles of Confederation in 1777. Although the Articles were not officially ratified until 1781, they served as the actual

Historical Essay 1 Confederation And Constitution

1601 words - 7 pages                         Historical Essay: Confederation and Constitution By History 405 Professor Aimee James January 26th, 2015 Historical Essay: Confederation and Constitution Confederation and Constitution As Colonial America moved from civil disobedience to open war with Britain, the States, at the behest of the Colonial Congress, started drafting constitutions and in the process